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- (intransitive) To show up; to appear suddenly or unexpectedly.
- Is this your pencil that turned up in my drawer?
- I don't like people turning up without an appointment.
- 1922 February, James Joyce, “[[Episode 16]]”, in Ulysses, Paris: Shakespeare & Co.; Sylvia Beach, OCLC 560090630; republished London: Published for the Egoist Press, London by John Rodker, Paris, October 1922, OCLC 2297483:
- Highly providential was the appearance on the scene of Corny Kelleher when Stephen was blissfully unconscious but for that man in the gap turning up at the eleventh hour the finis might have been that he might have been a candidate for the accident ward […]
- (transitive) To cause to appear; to find by searching, etc.
- I spent hours in the archives, but couldn't turn up anything on the alleged criminal.
- (transitive) To increase the amount of something by means of a control, such as the volume, heat, or light.
- Turn up the radio and sing along.
- (transitive) To reposition by rotating, flipping, etc. upwards.
- He turned up his collar against the cold.
- (transitive, nautical) To belay or make fast a line on a cleat or pin.
- (intransitive, slang) To party hard, especially when involving alcohol or drugs.
- We're going to turn up at the concert tonight.
- In senses 2, 3 and 4 the object is normally a thing, not a person. It may appear before or after the particle. If the object is a pronoun, then it must be before the particle.
- (increase): turn down
to appear unexpectedly
increase volume etc.