nfr

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See also: NFR

Egyptian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly from Proto-Afroasiatic *fir- (to be good) with an additional *nV- prefix.[1] Compare also Tahaggart Tamahaq ⵉⴼⵔⴰⵔ (ifrar, best) and Saho feer (good).

Pronunciation[edit]

(For the adjective:)

 

Verb[edit]

nfrf
r

 3-lit.

  1. (intransitive) to be(come) of superior or admirable quality, to be(come) fine, good, or wonderful
    • 12th Dynasty, The coffin of Nakhtankh, London, British Museum, BM EA 35285:
      q Z1
      r
      st
      Q6
      nfrf&r&t miizspr
      f
      nfrf
      r
      n
      R50
      […] qrst nfrt m jz.f nfr n ẖrt-nṯr […]
      […] a good burial in his wonderful tomb of the necropolis […]
  2. (intransitive) to be(come) pleasant or gratifying to the senses
    1. (intransitive) to be(come) beautiful or fair, to look good
    2. (intransitive, of scents and flowers) to smell good
    3. (intransitive, of food and drinks) to taste good
  3. (intransitive, of periods of time) to be(come) pleasant or enjoyable to live through
  4. (intransitive, of people) to acquire or have good or pleasant qualities, to be capable, agreeable, or benevolent
  5. (intransitive, of work) to be done well or competently
  6. (intransitive, of medicine) to be(come) effective
  7. (intransitive, of names) to acquire or have a good reputation

Inflection[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

nfrf
r
  1. perfective active participle of nfr: fine, beautiful, pleasant, etc.

Inflection[edit]

Along with bjn and ꜥꜣ, nfr is one of the few Egyptian adjectives that continued to show remnants of gender and number inflection into Late Egyptian (and beyond).[3]

Alternative forms[edit]

See the ‘Alternative forms’ section under the verb above.

Derived terms[edit]

See the ‘Derived terms’ under the verb above.

Descendants[edit]

  • Demotic: nfr

Interjection[edit]

nfrf
r
  1. good, sure, fine
  2. correct, that’s right

Adverb[edit]

nfrf
r
  1. well

Alternative forms[edit]

See the ‘Alternative forms’ section under the verb above.

Particle[edit]

nfrf
r

 proclitic

  1. not even, not at all

Usage notes[edit]

In Middle Egyptian, this particle is found only in the constructions nfr pw, nfr n, and nfr ꜣ.

Alternative forms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

  • nfrw (depletion, deficiency, zero)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir E.; Stolbova, Olga V., “*fir-”, in Hamito-Semitic Etymological Dictionary: Materials for a Reconstruction (Handbuch der Orientalistik; I.18)‎[1], Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill, 1995
  2. 2.0 2.1 Loprieno, Antonio, Ancient Egyptian: A Linguistic Introduction, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995, →ISBN, page 39, 56
  3. ^ Junge, Friedrich, Late Egyptian Grammar: An Introduction, second English edition, Oxford: Griffith Institute, 2005, page 66