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See also: Sagitta


English Wikipedia has an article on:


Borrowing from Latin sagitta (an arrow, shaft, bolt).



sagitta (plural sagittas or (arrowworm) sagittae)

  1. The keystone of an arch.
  2. (geometry) The distance from a point in a curve to the chord; also, the versed sine of an arc; so called from its resemblance to an arrow resting on the bow and string.
  3. (zootomy) The larger of the two otoliths, or earbones, found in most fishes.
  4. Any arrowworm, of the genus Sagitta.

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for sagitta in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913)

Related terms[edit]



  • sagitta”, in Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary


Latin Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia la
duae sagittae (two arrows)


Unknown etymology. Probably from a pre-Latin Mediterranean language.[1]

A minority view connects it to sāgiō (to perceive quickly or keenly).


  • (Classical) IPA(key): /saˈɡit.ta/, [s̠äˈɡɪt̪ːä]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /saˈd͡ʒit.ta/, [säˈd͡ʒit̪ːä]
  • (file)


sagitta f (genitive sagittae); first declension

  1. an arrow, shaft, bolt
    • 29 BCE – 19 BCE, Virgil, Aeneid 1.187-188:
      Cōnstitit hīc, arcumque manū celerīsque sagittās
      corripuit, fīdus quae tēla gerēbat Achātēs.
      [Aeneas] halted here, and grasped in hand his bow and swift arrows, weapons which were being carried by the faithful Achates.
      (See: Aeneas; Achates (Aeneid).)
  2. (metonymically)
    1. (botany) the extreme thin part of a vine branch or shoot
    2. the arrowhead (plant of the genus Sagittaria)
    3. (Late Latin, medicine) a lancet (instrument for bloodletting)
Quote-alpha.png This entry needs quotations to illustrate usage. If you come across any interesting, durably archived quotes then please add them!


First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative sagitta sagittae
Genitive sagittae sagittārum
Dative sagittae sagittīs
Accusative sagittam sagittās
Ablative sagittā sagittīs
Vocative sagitta sagittae

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


See also[edit]


  • sagitta”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • sagitta”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • sagitta in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • sagitta in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • sagitta”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • sagitta”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  1. ^ “saetta” in: Alberto Nocentini, Alessandro Parenti, “l'Etimologico — Vocabolario della lingua italiana”, Le Monnier, 2010, →ISBN