vivir

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Aragonese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb[edit]

vivir

  1. to live

Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Latin vīvere (to live), present active infinitive of vīvō.

Verb[edit]

vivir

  1. to live

Related terms[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese viver (13th century, Cantigas de Santa Maria), from Latin vīvere (to live), present active infinitive of vīvō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

vivir (first-person singular present vivo, first-person singular preterite vivín, past participle vivido)

  1. to live
    • 1418, Á. Rodríguez González (ed.), Libro do Concello de Santiago (1416-1422). Santiago de Compostela: Consello da Cultura Galega, page 145:
      E logo o dito Conçello e alcalles e regidores e homes bõos, jurados sobre ditos diseron que obedesçian e obedesçieron aa dita carta real do dito señor rey con a mayor reverençia que podian e devian e con moy grande omildade como a carta e mandado de seu rey e de seu señor natural a o qual Deus mantena e leixe vivir e reynar por moytos tienpos
      And then said Council and mayors and councilors and good men, said jurors, said that they obey and obeyed this royal order of said Lord King with the largest reverence they could and ought, and with very large humility, as charter and order of their king and natural lord, God maintains and lets live and reign for much time
  2. to dwell, reside
    Synonyms: habitar, morar, residir
  3. first/third-person singular future subjunctive of vivir
  4. first/third-person singular personal infinitive of vivir

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • viver” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • viv” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • vivir” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • vivir” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • vivir” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Ido[edit]

Verb[edit]

vivir

  1. past infinitive of vivar

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Spanish bivir, viver, vevir, bevir[1], from Latin vīvere (to live), present active infinitive of vīvō, from Proto-Italic *gʷīwō, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷíh₃weti (to live, be alive). Compare Ladino bivir, Portuguese viver.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /biˈbiɾ/, [biˈβiɾ]

Noun[edit]

vivir m (plural vivires)

  1. life; lifestyle

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

vivir (first-person singular present vivo, first-person singular preterite viví, past participle vivido)

  1. (intransitive) to live; to be alive
  2. (intransitive) to make a living, to live (on)
    Vive en migas, nada más.
    He lives on crumbs, nothing more.
  3. (intransitive) to live, reside, inhabit
    Vive en la casa roja.
    She lives in the red house.
    La pobrecita vive con dos hermanas crueles.
    The poor girl lives with two cruel sisters.
  4. (transitive) to experience, to live through
    • 2014, Pablo Martín de Santa Olalla Saludes, El laberinto italiano, Editorial Liber Factory (→ISBN), page 9
      Mientras nosotros tuvimos que vivir una dictadura de casi cuarenta años que nos dejó prácticamente aislados del resto de Europa, []
      While we had to live through a dictatorship of almost forty years that left us practically isolated from the rest of Europe, []

Usage notes[edit]

  • Like many intransitive verbs in both Spanish and English, including English live, the verb vivir can take a cognate object; hence vivir la vida loca "to live the crazy life", which is roughly synonymous with vivir locamente "to live crazily".

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]