tosh

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See also: TOSH

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From 19th-century British thieves cant, of uncertain origin. Sense of nonsense possibly influenced by tush (nonsense! tsk tsk!) attested from 15th century.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

tosh (countable and uncountable, plural toshes)

  1. (UK, obsolete slang, uncountable) Copper; items made of copper
    • 1851, H. Mayhew, London labour and the London poor, II. 150/2
      The sewer-hunters were formerly, and indeed are still, called by the name of Toshers, the articles which they pick up in the course of their wanderings along shore being known among themselves by the general term ‘tosh’, a word more particularly applied by them to anything made of copper.
  2. (chiefly UK, uncommon slang, uncountable) Valuables retrieved from sewers and drains
    • 1974, J. Aiken, Midnight is Place, v. 164
      I am present engaged in fishing for tosh in the sewers of Blastburn.
  3. (chiefly UK, slang, uncountable) Rubbish, trash, (now) especially in the sense of nonsense, bosh, balderdash
    • 1892 October 26, Oxford University Magazine, 26/1
      To think what I've gone through to hear that man! Frightful tosh it'll be, too.
    • 1911, H. G. Wells, The New Machiavelli, ch. 5,
      Perhaps it helped a man into Parliament, Parliament still being a confused retrogressive corner in the world where lawyers and suchlike sheltered themselves from the onslaughts of common-sense behind a fog of Latin and Greek and twaddle and tosh.
    1997, J.K. Rowling, Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, iv
    ‘Took yeh from the ruined house myself, on Dumbledore’s orders. Brought yeh ter this lot...’
    ‘Load of old tosh,’ said Uncle Vernon.
  4. (UK, archaic school slang, countable) A bath or foot pan
    • 1881, Leathes in C.E. Pascoe, Everyday Life in our Public Schools, ii. 20
      A ‘tosh’ pan... is also provided.
    • 1905, H. A. Vachell, Hill, i
      We call a tub a tosh.
  5. (cricket, slang, disparaging, uncountable) Easy bowling
    • 1898 June 25, Tit-Bits, 252/3
      Among the recent neologisms of the cricket field is ‘tosh’, which means bowling of contemptible easiness.
  6. (UK, humorous slang, uncountable) Used as a form of address.
    • 1954, E. Hyams, Stories & Cream, 175
      'Ere, tosh, you bin at Cha'ham?
Derived terms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

tosh (third-person singular simple present toshes, present participle toshing, simple past and past participle toshed)

  1. (UK, obsolete slang) To steal copper, particularly from ship hulls
    • 1867, W. H. Smyth, Sailor's Word-book
    • Toshing, a cant word for stealing copper sheathing from vessels' bottoms, or from dock-yard stores.
  2. (chiefly UK, uncommon slang) To search for valuables in sewers
    • 1974, J. Aiken, Midnight is Place vi. 180 You tend to the toshing, let Mester Hobday tend to the dealing.
  3. (UK, archaic school slang) To use a tosh-pan, either to wash, to splash, or to "bath"
    • 1883, J.P. Groves, From Cadet to Captain, iii. 227
      Toshing’ was the name given to a punishment inflicted by the cadets on any one of their number who made himself obnoxious. The victim, dressed in full uniform, was forced to run the gauntlet of his brother cadets, who, as he passed, emptied the contents of their ‘tosh-cans’ (small baths holding about three gallons of water) over the wretched lad's head.
    • 1903, J. S. Farmer & al., Slang, VII. 171/1
      He toshed his house beak by mistake, and got three hundred.

Etymology 2[edit]

Compare Old French tonce (shorn, clipped) and English tonsure.

Adjective[edit]

tosh (comparative tosher, superlative toshest)

  1. (Scotland, obsolete) Tight.
    • 1776, D. Herd, Ancient & Modern Scottish Songs
      Tosh, tight, neat.
  2. (Scotland) Neat, clean; tidy, trim.
  3. (Scotland) Comfortable, agreeable; friendly, intimate.
    • 1821, Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, 10 4
      We were a very tosh and agreeable company.
Derived terms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

tosh (comparative more tosh, superlative most tosh)

  1. (Scotland) Toshly: neatly, tidily
    • 1808, J. Mayne, Siller Gun, i. 20
      Shouther your arms!—O! had them tosh on, And not athraw!

Verb[edit]

tosh (third-person singular simple present toshes, present participle toshing, simple past and past participle toshed)

  1. (Scotland) To make ‘tosh’: to tidy, to trim.
    • 1826 November, J. Wilson, Noctes Ambrosianae, xxix, in Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, 788
      Hoo she wad try to tosh up... her breest.

Etymology 3[edit]

From 19th-century British slang tosheroon, from or alongside tusheroon, of uncertain derivation from British slang caroon (crown, a 5-shilling silver coin), from Sabir and (originally) Italian corona (crown). The term was either derived from or influenced by madza caroon, the British slang for the Sabir and Italian mezzo corona (half-crown), possibly under influence from tosh ("copper items; valuables") above or from the half-crown's value of two shillings, sixpence.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

tosh (countable and uncountable, plural toshes)

  1. (UK, obsolete slang, countable) A half-crown coin; its value
    1961, J. Maclaren-Ross, Doomsday Book, i. v. 63
    Here's a tosh to buy yourself some beer.
  2. (UK, obsolete slang, countable) A crown coin; its value
  3. (UK, archaic slang, uncountable) Any money, particularly pre-decimalization British coinage

Anagrams[edit]

References[edit]


Uzbek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *diāĺ

Noun[edit]

tosh (plural toshlar)

  1. stone (small piece of stone)