на-

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Old Church Slavonic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *na- prefix, from Proto-Slavic *na.

Prefix[edit]

на- (na-)

  1. (used with verbs) onto, upon
    на- (na-) + ‎ити (iti, to go) → ‎наити (naiti, to find, literally to come upon)
  2. (used with verbs) to repletion, to satiation, to the full, enough, too much
    на- (na-) + ‎пити (piti, to drink) → ‎напити (napiti, to drink to the full; to quench one’s thirst; to get drunk)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *na.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

на- (na-)

  1. (with verbs) onto, upon
    на- (na-) + ‎идти́ (idtí, to go) → ‎найти́ (najtí, to find, literally to come upon)
  2. (with verbs) to repletion, to satiation, to the full, enough, too much
    на- (na-) + ‎пить (pitʹ, to drink) + ‎-ся (-sja, reflexive suffix) → ‎напи́ться (napítʹsja, to drink to the full; to quench one’s thirst; to get drunk)
  3. (with verbs) a quantity of, a lot of
    на- (na-) + ‎купи́ть (kupítʹ, to buy) → ‎накупи́ть книг (nakupítʹ knig, to buy a quantity of books, a lot of books)
  4. (added to nouns, forms adverbs with the meaning in the direction of the noun)
    на- (na-) + ‎верх (verx, top) → ‎наве́рх (navérx, upwards)
    на- (na-) + ‎зад (zad, back) → ‎наза́д (nazád, backwards)
    на- (na-) + ‎пра́во (právo, right) → ‎напра́во (naprávo, to the right)
    на- (na-) + ‎ле́во (lévo, left) → ‎нале́во (nalévo, to the left)
  1. (added to nouns or adverbs, forms adverbs with the approximate meaning 'for' the noun or adverb, or in the state of the noun or adverb)
    на- (na-) + ‎всегда́ (vsegdá, always) → ‎навсегда́ (navsegdá, forever)
    на- (na-) + ‎до́лго (dólgo, a long time) → ‎надо́лго (nadólgo, for a long time)
    на- (na-) + ‎век (vek, century) → ‎наве́ки (navéki, forever, literally for centuries)
    на- (na-) + ‎приме́р (primér, example) → ‎наприме́р (naprimér, for example)

Usage notes[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]