سام

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See also: شام

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Derived from the active participle of سَمَا(samā, to be high, to be exalted) from the root س م و(s-m-w).

Adjective[edit]

سَامٍ (sāmin) (informal سَامِي(sāmī), feminine سَامِيَة(sāmiya), masculine plural سُمَاة(sumāh), feminine plural سَامِيَات(sāmiyāt), elative أَسْمَى(ʾasmā))

  1. high, lofty
  2. exalted, sublime
  3. emanating from the sultan or vizier
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Derived from the active participle of سَمَّ(samma, to poison).

Adjective[edit]

سَامّ (sāmm) (feminine سَامَّة(sāmma), feminine plural سَامَّات(sāmmāt) or سَوَامّ(sawāmm))

  1. poisonous, toxic
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From the root س و م(s-w-m).

Verb[edit]

سَامَ (sāma) I, non-past يَسُومُ‎‎ (yasūmu)

  1. (obsolete) to rove, to pasture (camels, sheep, birds …)
  2. to offer for sale [+accusative = the commodity] [+accusative = to whom]
  3. to urge, to demand, to compel, to impose, and the like [+accusative = what] [+accusative = whom]
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Borrowed from Classical Syriac ܣܳܡ(sām, to constitute, to establish, to set, to place, to install).

Verb[edit]

سَامَ (sāma) I, non-past يَسُومُ‎‎ (yasūmu)

  1. (with the Christians) to ordain for ecclesiastical office
    • 2012 February 7, “موسم الهجوم على الإسلام والمسلمين مع "قسمة الغرماء" ليوسف القعيد - الدراسة مهداة إلى الأستاذة فتحية صرصور”, in Dunyā al Waṭan[1]:
      وذلك على العكس التام مما يسلكه من يعتنق الإسلام من النصارى، إذ يحاول العيش فى هدوء، وبخاصة فى ظل ما كان سائدا من قهر للمسلمين وبطش بهم فى عهد المخلوع، الذى كان يناصر الكنيسة وكبيرها على حساب الدين الذى ينتسب رسميا إليه، إذ كان يسلم من تتنصر إلى الكنيسة فتحبسها فى الدير وتسومها سوء العذاب
      This is in utter contrast to the conversion of those who have embraced Islam by Christians, who try to live in peace, especially in the shadow of prevailing Muslim oppression and brutality during the era of the deposed [potentate], who supported the church and its chief at the expense of the religion to which he officially belongs when she, who sought refuge in the church which confined her in the cloister and ordained her, was exposed to terrible pain.
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

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Proper noun[edit]

سَام (sāmm

  1. Shem
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 6[edit]

You can help Wiktionary by providing a proper etymology.

Noun[edit]

سَام (sāmm

  1. death
    • رَسُولُ اللّٰهِ صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَقُولُ ‏ «إِنَّ فِي الْحَبَّةِ السَّوْدَاءِ شِفَاءً مِنْ كُلِّ دَاءٍ إِلَّا السَّامَ».‏ وَٱلسَّامُ الْمَوْتُ‏.‏ وَٱلْحَبَّةُ السَّوْدَاءُ الشُّونِيزُ‏.‏
      rasūlu llāhi ṣallā llāhu ʿalayhi wasallama yaqūlu “ʾinna fī l-ḥabbati s-sawdāʾi šifāʾan min kulli dāʾin ʾillā s-sāma”. was-sāmu l-mawtu. wal-ḥabbatu s-sawdāʾu š-šūnīzu.
      […] God’s Prophet (ﷺ) says: “Blackseed is a cure of every disease short of fatality.” Fatality is death, blackseed is swartzcummel.
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • swm”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • سام” in Almaany
  • Dozy, Reinhart Pieter Anne (1881), “س و م”, in Supplément aux dictionnaires arabes (in French), volume 1, Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 708
  • Freytag, Georg (1833), “س و م”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 2, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, pages 378–379
  • Lane, Edward William (1863), “س و م”, in Arabic-English Lexicon, London: Williams & Norgate, pages 1474–1475
  • Steingass, Francis Joseph (1884), “سام”, in The Student's Arabic–English Dictionary, London: W.H. Allen, page 475
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985), “سام”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, page 543
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985), “س م م”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, page 595
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985), “س و م”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, pages 616–617

Persian[edit]

Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fa

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Iranian [Term?] (compare Avestan 𐬯𐬁𐬨𐬀(sāma, dark, black)), from Proto-Indo-Iranian [Term?] (compare Sanskrit श्याम (śyāma)).

Proper noun[edit]

سام (sâm)

  1. A male given name, Sam or Saam.