شغل

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See also: شعل‎, سعل, and ش غ ل

Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root ش غ ل(š-ḡ-l).

Verb[edit]

شَغَلَ (šaḡala) I, non-past يَشْغَلُ‎‎ (yašḡalu)

  1. to occupy, to busy, to preoccupy
  2. to give trouble, to distract, to divert
  3. to occupy, to hold (office)
  4. to engage

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

شُغِلَ (šuḡila) I, non-past يُشْغَلُ‎‎ (yušḡalu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

شَغَّلَ (šaḡḡala) II, non-past يُشَغِّلُ‎‎ (yušaḡḡilu)

  1. to occupy, to busy, to engage, to engross
  2. to employ, to put to work
  3. to operate, to run, to make run, to start (a machine)
    أَحْتَاجُ أَنْ أُشَغِّلَ جِهَازَ الْكَمْبْيُوتَرِ‎ ― ʾaḥtāju ʾan ʾušaḡḡila jihāza l-kambyūtariI need to start my computer
  4. to produce, to manufacture, to fabricate
  5. to invest

Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

شُغْل (šuḡlm (plural أَشْغَال(ʾašḡāl) or شُغُول(šuḡūl))

  1. verbal noun of شَغَلَ (šaḡala) (form I)
  2. occupancy, filling, taking up
  3. detention, prevention, distraction
  4. occupation, activity
  5. work, job, business, concern
  6. (physics) work

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

شَغْل (šaḡlm

  1. verbal noun of شَغَلَ (šaḡala) (form I)

Declension[edit]

References[edit]


Egyptian Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic شُغْل(šuḡl).

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun[edit]

شغل (šuḡlm

  1. work, occupation

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic شُغْل(šuḡl).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari Persian شغل
Iranian Persian
Tajik шуғл (šuġl)

شُغل (šoğl) (plural شُغل‌ها(šoğl-hâ) or اَشغال(ašğâl))

  1. job, work, employment, occupation
    Synonym: کار(kâr)
    شغل شما چیست؟‎‎ (more literary)šoğl-e šomâ chi-st?What work do you do?
    شغلتون چیه؟‎‎ (more colloquial)šoğl-etun chi-ye?What work do you do?
    • late 13th century, Jalāl ad-Dīn Mohammad Rūmī, Reynold A. Nicholson, transl., مثنوی معنوی [Masnavi-ye-Ma'navi], volume IV, verse 752:
      تشنه را خود شغل چه بود در جهان، گرد پای حوض گشتن جاودان
      tešne-râ xod šoğl če bovad dar jahân, gerd-e pây-e howz gaštan jâvedân.
      What, indeed, is the thirsty man's business in the world? To circle for ever round the base of the [water] tank.
  2. pastime, amusement

Descendants[edit]

  • Bashkir: шөғөл (šöğöl)
  • Hindustani:
    Urdu: شغل(śuġl)
  • Pashto: شغل‎(šᶕǧwәl)

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic شَغَّلَ(šaḡḡala).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

شغّل (šaḡḡal) (form II, present بشغّل(bišaḡḡel), subjunctive يشغّل(yšaḡḡel))

  1. (transitive) to work
    1. to operate (machinery)
    2. to employ (someone)
    Synonym: وظّف(waẓẓaf)

Conjugation[edit]

    Conjugation of شغل
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m شغّلت(šaḡḡalt) شغّلت(šaḡḡalt) شغّل (šaḡḡal) شغّلنا(šaḡḡalna) شغّلتو(šaḡḡaltu) شغّلو(šaḡḡalu)
f شغّلتي(šaḡḡalti) شغّلت(šaḡḡalat)
present m بشغّل(bašaḡḡel) بتشغّل(bitšaḡḡel) بشغّل(bišaḡḡel) منشغّل(minšaḡḡel) بتشغّلو(bitšaḡḡlu) بشغّلو(bišaḡḡlu)
f بتشغّلي(bitšaḡḡli) بتشغّل(bitšaḡḡel)
subjunctive m اشغّل(ašaḡḡel) تشغّل(tšaḡḡel) يشغّل(yšaḡḡel) نشغّل(nšaḡḡel) تشغّلو(tšaḡḡlu) يشغّلو(yšaḡḡlu)
f تشغّلي(tšaḡḡli) تشغّل(tšaḡḡel)
imperative m شغّل (šaḡḡel) شغّلو(šaḡḡlu)
f شغّلي(šaḡḡli)

Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian شغل(šoğl), from Arabic شُغْل(šuḡl)

Noun[edit]

شغل (śuġlm

  1. job
  2. work
  3. occupation
  4. business
  5. labor