लगना

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Hindi verb set
लगना (lagnā)
लागना (lāgnā)
लगाना (lagānā)
लगवाना (lagvānā)

Inherited from Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀮𑀕𑁆𑀕𑀤𑀺 (laggadi), from Sanskrit लग्यति (lagyati). Cognate with Nepali लाग्नु (lāgnu), Punjabi ਲੱਗਣਾ (laggaṇā), Gujarati લાગવું (lāgvũ), Marathi लागणे (lāgṇe), Assamese লগা (loga).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /ləɡ.nɑː/, [l̪əɡ.n̪äː]

Verb[edit]

लगना (lagnā) (intransitive, Urdu spelling لگنا‎)

  1. to seem, appear
    मुझे लगता है कि आज बारिश होगी।
    mujhe lagtā hai ki āj bāriś hogī.
    It seems to me that it will rain today.
  2. to be perceived
    मैं कैसी लग रही हूँ?ma͠i kaisī lag rahī hū̃?How do I look [to you]?
  3. to be hit, shoved
    चोट लगनाcoṭ lagnāto get hurt
    गोली लगनाgolī lagnāto be hit with a bullet
  4. to affix, apply
    तस्वीर इस दीवार पे लगनी चाहिए।
    tasvīr is dīvār pe lagnī cāhie.
    The photo should be placed on this wall.
  5. to pass, take, elapse (of time)
    कितने घंटे लगेंगे मुंबई पहुँचने में?
    kitne ghaṇṭe lageṅge mumbaī pahũcne mẽ?
    How long will it take to reach Mumbai?
  6. to be involved, engaged [+ (object) में = in]
    सारे छात्र काम में लगे हैं।
    sāre chātra kām mẽ lage ha͠i.
    All the students are busy in their work.
  7. to feel, experience (physical or abstract sensation)
    अंदर चलो, धूप में बैठकर प्यास लग रही है।
    andar calo, dhūp mẽ baiṭhkar pyās lag rahī hai.
    Let's go inside, I feel thirsty from sitting in the sun.
    डर लगनाḍar lagnāto be afraid
  8. to adhere, stick
    Synonym: चिपकना (cipaknā)
  9. to develop
    आदत लगनाādat lagnāto develop a habit
    Synonym: बनाना (banānā) (transitive)
  10. an auxiliary verb expressing beginning: to begin to
    मेरे घुटने में बहुत दर्द होने लगा है।
    mere ghuṭne mẽ bahut dard hone lagā hai.
    I have begun to ache in my knees.
    शक करने लगनाśak karne lagnāto begin to suspect

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  • Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985), “lagyati”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press
  • “Hindi lagnā: A Study in Semantic Change”, in Journal of the American Oriental Society[1], volume 107, issue 3, 1987, pages 401-408