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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
划-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 18 +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 戈中弓 (ILN), four-corner 52000, composition)

  1. to row or paddle a boat
  2. to scratch

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 137, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1893
  • Dae Jaweon: page 309, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 326, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5212

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: (33)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɣua/ /ɣwa/ /ɣua/ /ɦʷɯa/ /ɦwaɨ/ /ɣwa/ /ɣua/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑX/ /kuɑX/ /kuɑX/ /kuɑX/ /kwaX/ /kuɑX/ /kuɑX/
Character (), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑH/ /kuɑH/ /kuɑH/ /kuɑH/ /kwaH/ /kuɑH/ /kuɑH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
huá ‹ hwæ › /*C.[ɡ]ʷˤraj (?)/ row (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3832 3 /*koːlʔ/ 集韻同𠜴
3833 3 /*koːls/ 同鐹
3834 3 /*ɡroːl/

Verb[edit]

  1. to row; to paddle
      ―  huáchuán  ―  to row a boat
  2. to calculate; to be profitable; to be a good deal
      ―  huásuàn  ―  to calculate; to weigh the pros and cons

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

(Min Nan)

  1. to row; to paddle
    [Min Nan]  ―  kò-chûn [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  to row a boat

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hwa) (hangeul , revised hwa, McCune-Reischauer hwa, Yale hwa)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hoa, quả)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]