十二単

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Japanese[edit]

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Empress Michiko on the right, wearing jūni-hitoe on her wedding day in 1959
Kanji in this term
じゅう
Grade: 1

Grade: 1
ひとえ
Grade: 4

Etymology[edit]

Compound of 十二 ‎(jūni, twelve) +‎ ‎(hitoe, unlined or single-layer robe).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Tokyo) じゅうにひと [jùúní hítóꜜè] (Nakadaka - [5])[2]
  • IPA(key): [d͡ʑɯᵝːni çito̞e̞]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

十二単 ‎(hiragana じゅうにひとえ, romaji jūni-hitoe)

  1. (clothing) a ceremonial twelve-layered robe worn by women of the imperial court, consisting of twelve single-layer unlined robes worn one over the other
    This style became fashionable some time in the tenth century during the Heian period. Starting from the Muromachi period, the term jūni-hitoe was also used in the popular culture to refer to the five-layer 五重唐衣裳 ‎(goe-karaginumo) style.
  2. (botany) Ajuga nipponensis, a perennial plant in the mint family and native to Japan

Usage notes[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9