完璧

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Chinese[edit]

 
to finish; to be over; whole; complete; entire
piece of jade with hole in center
simp. and trad.
(完璧)
Literally: “intact jade”.

Etymology[edit]

Abbreviated from the idiom of 完璧歸趙完璧归赵 (wánbì guī Zhào, “returning the jade intact to the State of Zhao”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

完璧

  1. (literally) intact jade; perfect jade
  2. (figuratively) perfect person or object; perfection
  3. (figuratively) virgin

Adjective[edit]

完璧

  1. (to return something) intact; in good condition; complete
  2. flawless; perfect

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
かん
Grade: 4
へき > ぺき
Grade: S
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 完璧 (hwan pjiek). Compare modern Chinese 完璧 (wánbì).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

完璧 (-na inflection, hiragana かんぺき, rōmaji kanpeki, historical hiragana くわんぺき)

  1. perfect, infallible, complete

Usage notes[edit]

完壁 is a common misspelling for 完璧 (kanpeki, perfect, perfection) in which the character (heki, jewel, + ) has been replaced with (heki, wall, + ).

Inflection[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

  • 完全 (かんぜん, ​kanzen)
  • 無欠 (むけつ, ​muketsu)
  • 無謬 (むびゅう, ​mubyū)

Noun[edit]

完璧 (hiragana かんぺき, rōmaji kanpeki, historical hiragana くわんぺき)

  1. perfection, infallibility, completeness

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

完璧 (wanbyeok) (hangeul 완벽)

  1. Hanja form? of 완벽, “perfection, flawlessness”.