-то

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Macedonian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-то (-to)

  1. the definite article "the" in its unspecified form, neuter gender.

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Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the pronoun тот (tot), та (ta), то (to). Akin to the Macedonian definite article -от (-ot), -та (-ta), -то (-to), and Bulgarian definite article -ят (-jat), -та (-ta), -то (-to)

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

-то (-to)

  1. (colloquial) (particle used to give intonational emphasis to a part of speech)
    Ну я-то не ста́ну туда́ ходи́тьNu ja-to ne stánu tudá xodítʹ — Well there's no chance I'm going there, anyway
    Я и зна́ть-то его́ не хочу́Ja i znátʹ-to jegó ne xočú — I don’t even want to know him!
    Об э́том-то я и хоте́л с ва́ми поговори́тьOb étom-to ja i xotél s vámi pogovorítʹ — That is precisely what I wanted to talk to you about.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • Similarly to a definite article, the particle -то (-to) is used generally for ideas that are assumed to already be understood by both parties in a conversation. However it may be appended not only to nouns, but additionally to verbs, adjectives and adverbs.
  • For emphasis, frequently used in conjunction with the particles и (i) and ну (nu).
  • -то (-to) has a relatively uneducated feel to it, and excessive usage is often associated with rural vernacular or childlike language.

Particle[edit]

-то (-to)

  1. some- (an indefinite particle used in the various compound pronouns)

Derived terms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]