-ячий

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Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • -а́чий (-áčij) (after the unpaired sounds ч ж ш щ ц)

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Late Proto-Slavic *-ęťь, a present active participial suffix. Doublet of -я́щий (-jáščij), the normal present participle suffix, a borrowing from Old Church Slavonic.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-я́чий (-jáčij)

  1. Adjective-forming suffix, added to intransitive verbs, particularly class 4 verbs (in -ить (-itʹ)) and class 5 verbs (in -еть (-etʹ) or -ять (-jatʹ)), indicating being in the state of that verb.
    висе́ть (visétʹ, to hang) + ‎-я́чий (-jáčij) → ‎вися́чий (visjáčij, hanging, suspended)
    ходи́ть (xodítʹ, to walk) + ‎-я́чий (-jáčij) → ‎ходя́чий (xodjáčij, walking; current)
    стоя́ть (stojátʹ, to stand) + ‎-я́чий (-jáčij) → ‎стоя́чий (stojáčij, standing; stagnant)
    горе́ть (gorétʹ, to burn) + ‎-я́чий (-jáčij) → ‎горя́чий (gorjáčij, hot; hot-tempered)

Usage notes[edit]

Note the following properties:

  • The suffix is always stressed.
  • The suffix is added to the present stem of the verb, minus any ending such as -ить (-itʹ), -еть (-etʹ), or -ять (-jatʹ). If the infinitival and present stem differ, the present stem is used.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Related terms[edit]