Gabriel

From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin Gabriel, from Ancient Greek Γαβρῑήλ (Gabrīḗl), from Hebrew גַּבְרִיאֵל (gaḇrīʾḗl, God is my strong man), from גֶּבֶר (géver, strong man, hero) and אֵל (ʾēl, God, deity), from Proto-Semitic *ʾil-. Doublet of Jibril.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡeɪbɹi.əl/
    • (file)

Proper noun[edit]

Gabriel

  1. A male given name from Hebrew.
    • 1629, Thomas Adams, Meditations upon Creed, The Works of Thomas Adams, James Nichol (1862), volume 3, page 212:
      Yea, it seems to me not fit for Christian humility to call a man Gabriel or Michael, giving the names of angels to the sons of mortality.
    • 1986, Paul Bailey, Gabriel's Lament, Viking, published 1987, →ISBN, page 20:
      "I'm the only Gabriel in the whole school," I told my father. "You don't have to whisper it from the tomb, lad. You should thank your mother and me for giving you a handle that people notice. You ought to be pleased, not down in the dumps. Backstreet Gabriels aren't bumped into on every corner, remember.
  2. An archangel associated in Judaism, Christianity and Islam, with carrying messages from God.
  3. A surname originating as a patronymic.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Gabriel m

  1. Gabriel

Czech[edit]

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Gabriel m anim

  1. a male given name from Hebrew, equivalent to English Gabriel

Declension[edit]

Danish[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Gabriel

  1. Gabriel (Archangel)
  2. a male given name from Hebrew, equivalent to English Gabriel

Faroese[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Gabriel m

  1. a male given name

Usage notes[edit]

Patronymics

  • son of Gabriel: Gabrielsson
  • daughter of Gabriel: Gabrielsdóttir

Declension[edit]

Singular
Indefinite
Nominative Gabriel
Accusative Gabriel
Dative Gabrieli
Genitive Gabriels

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek Γαβρῑήλ (Gabrīḗl), from Biblical Hebrew גַּבְרִיאֵל (gaḇrīʾḗl).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡɑ(ː)briel/, [ˈɡɑ̝(ː)brie̞l]
  • Rhymes: -ɑbriel
  • Syllabification(key): Gab‧ri‧el

Proper noun[edit]

Gabriel

  1. Gabriel (Archangel)
  2. a male given name from Biblical Hebrew, equivalent to English Gabriel

Declension[edit]

Inflection of Gabriel (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative Gabriel Gabrielit
genitive Gabrielin Gabrielien
partitive Gabrielia Gabrieleja
illative Gabrieliin Gabrieleihin
singular plural
nominative Gabriel Gabrielit
accusative nom. Gabriel Gabrielit
gen. Gabrielin
genitive Gabrielin Gabrielien
partitive Gabrielia Gabrieleja
inessive Gabrielissa Gabrieleissa
elative Gabrielista Gabrieleista
illative Gabrieliin Gabrieleihin
adessive Gabrielilla Gabrieleilla
ablative Gabrielilta Gabrieleilta
allative Gabrielille Gabrieleille
essive Gabrielina Gabrieleina
translative Gabrieliksi Gabrieleiksi
abessive Gabrielitta Gabrieleitta
instructive Gabrielein
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of Gabriel (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative Gabrielini Gabrielini
accusative nom. Gabrielini Gabrielini
gen. Gabrielini
genitive Gabrielini Gabrielieni
partitive Gabrieliani Gabrielejani
inessive Gabrielissani Gabrieleissani
elative Gabrielistani Gabrieleistani
illative Gabrieliini Gabrieleihini
adessive Gabrielillani Gabrieleillani
ablative Gabrieliltani Gabrieleiltani
allative Gabrielilleni Gabrieleilleni
essive Gabrielinani Gabrieleinani
translative Gabrielikseni Gabrieleikseni
abessive Gabrielittani Gabrieleittani
instructive
comitative Gabrieleineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative Gabrielisi Gabrielisi
accusative nom. Gabrielisi Gabrielisi
gen. Gabrielisi
genitive Gabrielisi Gabrieliesi
partitive Gabrieliasi Gabrielejasi
inessive Gabrielissasi Gabrieleissasi
elative Gabrielistasi Gabrieleistasi
illative Gabrieliisi Gabrieleihisi
adessive Gabrielillasi Gabrieleillasi
ablative Gabrieliltasi Gabrieleiltasi
allative Gabrielillesi Gabrieleillesi
essive Gabrielinasi Gabrieleinasi
translative Gabrieliksesi Gabrieleiksesi
abessive Gabrielittasi Gabrieleittasi
instructive
comitative Gabrieleinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative Gabrielimme Gabrielimme
accusative nom. Gabrielimme Gabrielimme
gen. Gabrielimme
genitive Gabrielimme Gabrieliemme
partitive Gabrieliamme Gabrielejamme
inessive Gabrielissamme Gabrieleissamme
elative Gabrielistamme Gabrieleistamme
illative Gabrieliimme Gabrieleihimme
adessive Gabrielillamme Gabrieleillamme
ablative Gabrieliltamme Gabrieleiltamme
allative Gabrielillemme Gabrieleillemme
essive Gabrielinamme Gabrieleinamme
translative Gabrieliksemme Gabrieleiksemme
abessive Gabrielittamme Gabrieleittamme
instructive
comitative Gabrieleinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative Gabrielinne Gabrielinne
accusative nom. Gabrielinne Gabrielinne
gen. Gabrielinne
genitive Gabrielinne Gabrielienne
partitive Gabrielianne Gabrielejanne
inessive Gabrielissanne Gabrieleissanne
elative Gabrielistanne Gabrieleistanne
illative Gabrieliinne Gabrieleihinne
adessive Gabrielillanne Gabrieleillanne
ablative Gabrieliltanne Gabrieleiltanne
allative Gabrielillenne Gabrieleillenne
essive Gabrielinanne Gabrieleinanne
translative Gabrieliksenne Gabrieleiksenne
abessive Gabrielittanne Gabrieleittanne
instructive
comitative Gabrieleinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative Gabrielinsa Gabrielinsa
accusative nom. Gabrielinsa Gabrielinsa
gen. Gabrielinsa
genitive Gabrielinsa Gabrieliensa
partitive Gabrieliaan
Gabrieliansa
Gabrielejaan
Gabrielejansa
inessive Gabrielissaan
Gabrielissansa
Gabrieleissaan
Gabrieleissansa
elative Gabrielistaan
Gabrielistansa
Gabrieleistaan
Gabrieleistansa
illative Gabrieliinsa Gabrieleihinsa
adessive Gabrielillaan
Gabrielillansa
Gabrieleillaan
Gabrieleillansa
ablative Gabrieliltaan
Gabrieliltansa
Gabrieleiltaan
Gabrieleiltansa
allative Gabrielilleen
Gabrielillensa
Gabrieleilleen
Gabrieleillensa
essive Gabrielinaan
Gabrielinansa
Gabrieleinaan
Gabrieleinansa
translative Gabrielikseen
Gabrieliksensa
Gabrieleikseen
Gabrieleiksensa
abessive Gabrielittaan
Gabrielittansa
Gabrieleittaan
Gabrieleittansa
instructive
comitative Gabrieleineen
Gabrieleinensa

Related terms[edit]

Statistics[edit]

  • Gabriel is the 368th most common male given name in Finland, belonging to 858 male individuals (and as a middle name to 3,200 more, making it more common as a middle name), and also belongs to 5 female individuals (and as a middle name to 13 more, making it more common as a middle name), according to February 2023 data from the Digital and Population Data Services Agency of Finland.

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Gabriel m

  1. Gabriel (Archangel)
  2. a male given name from Hebrew, equivalent to English Gabriel

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Alemannic German: Gaabi

German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈɡaːbʀiˌeːl]
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: Ga‧bri‧el

Proper noun[edit]

Gabriel

  1. (biblical) Gabriel (Archangel)
  2. a male given name from Hebrew, equivalent to English Gabriel

Related terms[edit]

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ancient Greek Γαβρῑήλ (Gabrīḗl), from Biblical Hebrew גַּבְרִיאֵל (Gaḇrīʾḗl, God is my strong man), from גֶּבֶר (géver, strong man, hero) and אֵל (ʾēl, God).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Gabriēl m sg (variously declined, genitive Gabriēl or Gabriēlis); indeclinable, third declension

  1. Gabriel

Declension[edit]

Indeclinable noun or third-declension noun, singular only.

Case Singular
Nominative Gabriēl
Genitive Gabriēl
Gabriēlis
Dative Gabriēl
Gabriēlī
Accusative Gabriēl
Gabriēlem
Ablative Gabriēl
Gabriēle
Vocative Gabriēl

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Gabriel in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.

Norman[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Gabriel m

  1. a male given name from Hebrew, equivalent to English Gabriel

Norwegian[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Gabriel

  1. Gabriel (Archangel).
  2. a male given name from Hebrew, equivalent to English Gabriel

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Learned borrowing from Latin Gabriēl.

Proper noun[edit]

Gabriel m pers (female equivalent Gabriela, diminutive Gabryś)

  1. a male given name from Latin [in turn from Ancient Greek, in turn from Biblical Hebrew], equivalent to English Gabriel
  2. (biblical) Gabriel (archangel)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Proper noun[edit]

Gabriel f

  1. genitive plural of Gabriela

Further reading[edit]

  • Gabriel in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Galician-Portuguese Gabrïél.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ɡa.bɾiˈɛw/ [ɡa.bɾɪˈɛʊ̯], (faster pronunciation) /ɡaˈbɾjɛw/ [ɡaˈbɾjɛʊ̯]
 
  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /ɡɐ.bɾiˈɛl/ [ɡɐ.βɾiˈɛɫ], (faster pronunciation) /ɡɐˈbɾjɛl/ [ɡɐˈβɾjɛɫ]
    • (Southern Portugal) IPA(key): /ɡɐ.bɾiˈɛ.li/ [ɡɐ.βɾiˈɛ.li], (faster pronunciation) /ɡɐˈbɾjɛ.li/ [ɡɐˈβɾjɛ.li]

  • Rhymes: (Portugal) -ɛl, (Brazil) -ɛw
  • Hyphenation: Ga‧bri‧el

Proper noun[edit]

Gabriel m (plural Gabriéis)

  1. a male given name from Hebrew, equivalent to English Gabriel
  2. (Christianity, Judaism) Gabriel (archangel who carries messages from God)

Slovak[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Gabriel m anim (genitive singular Gabriela, nominative plural Gabrielovia, declension pattern of chlap)

  1. a male given name from Hebrew, equivalent to English Gabriel

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Gabriel”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɡaˈbɾjel/ [ɡaˈβ̞ɾjel]
  • Rhymes: -el
  • Syllabification: Ga‧briel

Proper noun[edit]

Gabriel m

  1. Gabriel (Archangel)
  2. a male given name from Hebrew, equivalent to English Gabriel

Related terms[edit]

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Gabriel c (genitive Gabriels)

  1. Gabriel (Archangel).
  2. a male given name from Hebrew, equivalent to English Gabriel

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Tagalog[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish Gabriel.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: Gab‧ri‧el
  • IPA(key): /ɡabɾiˈel/, [ɡɐbˈɾjɛl]

Proper noun[edit]

Gabriél (Baybayin spelling ᜄᜊ᜔ᜇᜒᜌᜒᜎ᜔)

  1. (biblical) Gabriel
  2. a male given name from Hebrew, equivalent to English Gabriel
  3. a surname from Spanish

Related terms[edit]

Statistics[edit]

  • According to data collected by Forebears in 2014, Gabriel is the 108th most common surname in the Philippines, occurring in 54,263 individuals.