aufstehen

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German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

auf- +‎ stehen

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈʔaufˌʃteːən/
  • Hyphenation: auf‧ste‧hen
  • (Germany)
    (file)
  • (Austria)
    (file)

Verb[edit]

aufstehen (irregular strong, third-person singular present steht auf, past tense stand auf, past participle aufgestanden, past subjunctive stände auf or stünde auf, auxiliary haben or sein)

  1. (intransitive) to get up (move from a sitting or lying position to a standing position; to rise from one's bed) [auxiliary sein]
  2. (intransitive, high-style, archaic) to rise up, to rebel [auxiliary sein]
  3. (colloquial) to rest (on something) [auxiliary haben or sein]
  4. (intransitive, colloquial, of windows, doors, etc.) to be open (to not be closed or shut) [auxiliary haben or sein]

Usage notes[edit]

In the meanings "to rest (on something)" and "to be open", only the auxiliary haben is used in northern and central Germany. In southern Germany, Austria, and Switzerland, sein is common in the vernacular and also, alternatively, in standard usage.

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • aufstehen” in Duden online
  • aufstehen” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache