cheirar

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Galician

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Etymology

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Inherited from Old Galician-Portuguese cheirar (to smell) (13th, Cantigas de Santa Maria) from Vulgar Latin or Late Latin flagrāre, by dissimilation from Latin fragrāre.

Cognate to Portuguese cheirar, Catalan and Occitan flairar, French flairer, and English flair (through Old French flair).

Pronunciation

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Verb

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cheirar (first-person singular present cheiro, first-person singular preterite cheirei, past participle cheirado)

  1. (transitive) to smell (to perceive a smell with the nose)
    Cheiro a comida?Am I smelling food?
  2. (transitive) to sniff
  3. (intransitive) to smell (to have a particular smell) [with a ‘of/like’]
    Cheira a comida.It smells like food.
    Esta roupa cheira. A que cheira esta roupa? A fume?
    These clothes have a smell. What smell do these clothes have? Smoke?
    • c. 1295, R. Lorenzo, editor, La traducción gallega de la Crónica General y de la Crónica de Castilla, Ourense: I.E.O.P.F, page 625:
      Et teu yrmão Fernã Gonçaluez, cõna muy grã coyta que ouue, sey(nd)o do paaço fugindo et saltou en hũu curral que nõ era muy limpo; et, quando el et seus panos ende seyrõ nõ cheyrauã a musgo
      And your brother Fernán González, with the great trouble he had, getting out of the palace and fleeing he jumped into a corral that was not very clean; and, when he finally got out of it, his clothes didn't smell of musk
  4. (intransitive) to stink, to smell
    Cheiras.You stink.
  5. (intransitive, figurative) to tire, bore, annoy
    As visitas e o pescado, ós dous días cheiran. (proverb)Visitors and fish, both "stink" the second day.
  6. (figurative) to sniff around, snoop
    Que andas a cheirar no meu cuarto?What are you doing in my room?

Conjugation

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Synonyms

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Derived terms

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References

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  • Ernesto González Seoane, María Álvarez de la Granja, Ana Isabel Boullón Agrelo (20062022) “cheirar”, in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval (in Galician), Santiago de Compostela: ILG
  • Xavier Varela Barreiro, Xavier Gómez Guinovart (20062018) “cheir”, in Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval (in Galician), Santiago de Compostela: ILG
  • cheirar” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • cheirar”, in Dicionario da Real Academia Galega (in Galician), A Coruña: Royal Galician Academy, since 2012
  • cheirar” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • cheirar” in Dicionário Estraviz de galego (2014).
  • cheirar” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Old Galician-Portuguese

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Etymology

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Inherited from Vulgar Latin or Late Latin flagrāre, by dissimilation from Latin fragrāre.

Pronunciation

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Verb

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cheirar

  1. (transitive) to smell (to perceive a smell with the nose)
  2. (intransitive) to stink, to smell

Conjugation

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Descendants

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  • Fala: cheiral, chiral
  • Galician: cheirar
  • Portuguese: cheirar (see there for further descendants)

Further reading

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Portuguese

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Etymology

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Inherited from Old Galician-Portuguese cheirar (to smell), from Vulgar Latin, Late Latin flagrāre, by dissimilation from Latin fragrāre.

Cognate to Galician cheirar, Catalan and Occitan flairar, French flairer, and English flair (through Old French flair).

Pronunciation

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  • Hyphenation: chei‧rar

Verb

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cheirar (first-person singular present cheiro, first-person singular preterite cheirei, past participle cheirado)

  1. (transitive) to smell (to perceive a smell with the nose)
    Eu não consigo cheirar nada.
    I can't smell anything.
  2. (intransitive) to smell (to have a particular smell) [with a ‘of/like’]
    Esse perfume cheira a chocolate.
    That perfume smells like chocolate.
  3. (Brazil, colloquial, transitive, intransitive) to snort (to insufflate cocaine)

Conjugation

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Synonyms

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Derived terms

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Descendants

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References

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  • cheirar” in Dicionário Aberto based on Novo Diccionário da Língua Portuguesa de Cândido de Figueiredo, 1913