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See also: Labs and LABs


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  1. plural of lab




labs c

  1. genitive singular indefinite of lab




  1. Plural form of lab



From Proto-Baltic *labas, from Proto-Indo-European *labʰ- (to seize, to grab). The semantic development was apparently “seized, grabbed, taken” > “obtained, acquired (as property)” > “valuable, precious” > “good.” Cognates include Lithuanian lãbas (good; hello), lobùs (well-off, rich), Old Prussian labs (good), Sanskrit लभते (lábhate, to seize, to gain possession, to find, to have), Ancient Greek λάφῡρον (láphūron, booty, loot, plunder; gain, benefit).[1]




labs (def. labais, comp. labāks, sup. vislabākais; adv. labi)

  1. good ((of people) following accepted moral rules, treating others in a sensitive, kind, friendly way; (of their actions) typical of such people)
    labs jaunietis‎ ― good young man
    laba sieviete‎ ― good woman
    laba uzvedība‎ ― good behavior
    laba audzināšana‎ ― good education
    labais tonis‎ ― good, right tone
    cilvēks, kam tīk rozes un kas priecājas par bērniem, ir labs cilvēks — a person who likes roses and enjoys children is a good person
  2. good ((of people) among whom there is harmony, understanding, friendly relations; (of their actions, relations) typical of such people)
    labas draudzenes‎ ― good (female) friends
    labi darba biedri‎ ― good colleagues
    laba ģimene‎ ― good family
    laba saprašanās‎ ― good understanding
    laba saticība‎ ― good harmony
  3. (of animals) good, tame, peaceful
    šis suns ir labs, nekož nevienam‎ ― this dog is good, he doesn't bite anyone
  4. (of people) good (who carry out their duties skillfully, conscientiously)
    labs arhitekts‎ ― good architect
    laba studente‎ ― good (female) student
    labi skolotāji‎ ― good students, pupils
  5. good (appropriately fulfilling or corresponding to certain requirements or expectations; pleasant, causing pleasure)
    labs galds‎ ― good table
    laba istaba‎ ― good room
    laba maize‎ ― good bread
    labs siltums‎ ― good heat
    labs vēja stiprums‎ ― good wind (lit. wind strength)
    labs medību suns‎ ― good hunting dog
    labas dējējvistas‎ ― good laying hens
    labi rudzi‎ ― good rye
    labs pļaujas laiks‎ ― good harvest time
    laba augstskola‎ ― good college, university
    laba braukšana, skriešana, pastaiga‎ ― good driving, running, walk(ing)
    labs amats‎ ― good post, position
    laba nodarbošana‎ ― good occupation
    labs referāts‎ ― good report
    laba glezna, opera‎ ― good painting, opera
    dot labu padomu‎ ― to give good advice
    labs iespaids‎ ― good impression
    labs krāsa tonis‎ ― good color tone
    ceriņiem ir laba smarža‎ ― lilac has a good odor
    ģērbt, ēst tikai labu‎ ― to wear, to eat only good (things)
  6. (of the body, its parts and functions) good (performing its functions appropriately, developing normally, as expected)
    laba dzirde, asinsrite‎ ― good hearing, blood circulation
    labs miegs'‎ ― good sleep
    labas uztveres spējas‎ ― good perception skills, discernment
    labs augums‎ ― good height
    laba muskulatūra‎ ― good muscles
    labi zobi‎ ― good teeth
    laba gaita, stāja‎ ― good pace, posture
    labas ausis‎ ― good ears
    vanagam ir labas acis‎ ― the haw has good eyes
  7. good (relatively large, long, above average; (of time periods) complete, full)
    laba maizes rieciens‎ ― good chunk of bread
    laba kartupeļu raža‎ ― good potato harvest
    laba alga‎ ― good salary
    labs ceļa gabals vēl ko iet‎ ― a good piece of road still to go (= still a long way to go)
    ierasties pēc laba brīža‎ ― to arrive after a good moment (= after considerable time)
    tēvs jau labā pusmūžā‎ ― father is already in good middle age (= well into middle age)
    atnākt labā tumsā — to arrive in good darkness (= well after dark, after nightfall)
    tēvs pārbrauc mājās labā novakarē‎ ― father came home in good eveninig (= well into the evening)
  8. (in the locative singular as a postposition, with genitive complement) for the good of, for the benefit of
    strādāt tautas labā‎ ― to work for the good of the people
  9. (usually definite forms) right, right-hand side
    labā acs, roka, kāja‎ ― right eye, hand/arm, foot/leg
    labais sāns‎ ― right side
    suņa labā acs‎ ― the dog's right eye
    lidmašīna labais spārns‎ ― the airplane's right wing
    autobusa priekšējais labais ritenis‎ ― the bus' right rear wheel
    rakstāmgalda augšējā labā atvilktne — the desk top right drawer
    skatvues labā mala‎ ― the right edge, side of the stage
    zāles labā puse‎ ― the right side of the hall, room
    upes labais krasts‎ ― the river's right bank
    iet pa ielas labo pusi‎ ― to go on the right side of the street
    gludināt audumu no labās puses‎ ― to iron the fabric from the right side



Derived terms[edit]


  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “labs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7