porro

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See also: porrò

Aragonese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

porro m (plural porros)

  1. leek

References[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Occitan [Term?], from Latin porrum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

porro m (plural porros)

  1. (botany) leek
  2. (slang) a cigarette made with cannabis, joint

Estonian[edit]

Noun[edit]

porro

  1. illative singular of poro

Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈporːo/, [ˈpo̞rːo̞]
  • Rhymes: -orːo
  • Syllabification: por‧ro

Noun[edit]

porro

  1. Synonym of valkoporro (Ballota nigra)
  2. any plant of the genus Ballota
  3. (in the plural) the genus Ballota

Declension[edit]

Inflection of porro (Kotus type 2/palvelu, no gradation)
nominative porro porrot
genitive porron porrojen
porroiden
porroitten
partitive porroa porroja
porroita
illative porroon porroihin
singular plural
nominative porro porrot
accusative nom. porro porrot
gen. porron
genitive porron porrojen
porroiden
porroitten
partitive porroa porroja
porroita
inessive porrossa porroissa
elative porrosta porroista
illative porroon porroihin
adessive porrolla porroilla
ablative porrolta porroilta
allative porrolle porroille
essive porrona porroina
translative porroksi porroiksi
instructive porroin
abessive porrotta porroitta
comitative porroineen
Possessive forms of porro (type palvelu)
possessor singular plural
1st person porroni porromme
2nd person porrosi porronne
3rd person porronsa

Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

13th century. From Old Galician and Old Portuguese, from Latin porrum (leek).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

porro m (plural porros)

  1. (botany) leek
    Synonym: allo porro
  2. (slang) joint (marijuana cigarette)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • porro” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • porro” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • porro” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • porro” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Italian[edit]

Poireaux.JPG

Etymology[edit]

From Latin porrum.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpɔr.ro/, [ˈpɔr̺r̺o]
  • Rhymes: -ɔrro
  • Hyphenation: pòr‧ro

Noun[edit]

porro m (plural porri)

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it
  1. leek
  2. wart
    Synonym: verruca

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Alemannic German: Bor

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain; the traditional view (supported by ancient grammarians) connects it with the Ancient Greek πόρρω (pórrhō), similar in form and meaning. However, the old form of this Greek word, πρόσω (prósō), would not align with the derivation. Moreover, adverbs are not usually borrowed from other languages. Compare Proto-Indo-European *pro-.

Adverb[edit]

porrō (not comparable)

  1. (of motion) on, forward, onward
    • c. 254 BCE – 184 BCE, Plautus, Captivi 3.5.65:
      Inde ībis porrō in latomiās lapidāriās.
      From there you’ll go on in the stone quarries.
    1. (of giving something received) forward
      • c. 150 BCE, Terence, Phormio 5.7.28–30:
        DĒMIPHŌ. Sed trānsī sōdēs ad forum atque illud mihī
        argentum rūrsum iubĕ rescrībī, Phormiō.
        PHORMIŌ. Quodne ego dīscrīpsī porrō illīs quibŭs dēbuī?
        DEMIPHO. But go over to the forum if you will and order that
        silver to be returned to my account, Phormio.
        PHORMIO. That which I’ve transferred forward to my creditors?
  2. (static; Old Latin, Late Latin, poetic) away, yonder
    • 29 BCE – 19 BCE, Virgil, Aeneid 6.710–712:
      Horrēscit vīsū subitō causāsque requīrit
      īnscius Aenēās, quae sint ea flūmina porrō,
      quīve virī tantō complērint agmine rīpās?
      Aeneas is scared at the sudden sight and asks,
      ignorant, for the causes: which might those yonder rivers be,
      and which men might fill the banks with such a multitude?
  3. (of motion; Old Latin, Late Latin; rare outside of etymological glosses) outwards, away, outside
    • 2nd–3rd C. CE, Pomponius Porphyrio, Scholia on Horace, Odes 1.12.37 in Scholia antiqva in Q. Horativm Flaccvm (volume I), Alfred Holder (editor), Arno Press, 1984, page 20, lines 5–6:
      Prōdigī enim dīcuntur propriē, quī bona sua ā sē dispergunt, quasi porrō ea ab sē agentēs.
      Prodigals are called those who scatter their wealth, as if “directing it away from themselves”.
  4. (Vulgar Latin; only in the work cited) Synonym of ūsque
    • p. 380 CE, Egeria, Itinerarium Egeriae 36.3:
      Quī locus ad quod lēctus fuerit, tantus rugītus et mūgītus totīus populī est cum flētū, ut forsitan porrō ad cīvitātem gemitus populī omnis audītus sit.
      Which place, when it had been read up to it, there’s such a roar and bellow of the people with crying, that the groan of the entire crowd was perhaps heard all the way to the city.
  5. then
    1. (of speaking, listening, argumentation)
    2. (temporal)
      • c. 1007 CEc. 1072, Peter Damian, Vita Sancti Rodulphi et Sancti Dominici Loricati, chapter XII in Patrologia Latina (volume 144), Jacques-Paul Migne (editor), 1867, page 1021:
        Interim vērō dum hujusmodī precibus frequenter īnsisteret, bis per somnium cōnfortātus audīvit: quia ferrāmenta illa jam essent dīvīnitus resolūta. Porrō autem in fēstīvitāte beātōrum apostolōrum Simōnis et Jūdae [] repente duo illa ferrāmenta quae super humerōs posita utrinque īnferius dēpendēbant, ventremque cum rēnibus coarctābant, prōrsus effrācta sunt, et ūnum in duās, alterum in trēs dīvīsum est partēs.
        Meanwhile however, while he was persevering with prayers of this kind, he heard himself being conforted twice in a dream that these irons already had been miraculously unbound. Afterwards, during the feast of the holy apostles Simon and Thaddeus [] two of the irons that were hanging down from both sides from the shoulders and covered the belly and kidneys were broken, one in two and the other in three parts.
  6. (of an action continued) further, on
    • c. 84 BCE – 54 BCE, Catullus, Carmina 45.1–4:
      Acmēn Septimius suōs amōrēs
      tenēns in gremiō “Mea” inquit, “Acmē,
      nī te perditē amō atque amāre porrō
      omnēs sum adsiduē parātus annōs []
      Septimius, holding Acme his love
      in his lap said “My Acme,
      if I don’t love you consumately, and am not prepared
      for all the years to come to love you further []
    • 143 CE, Marcus Cornelius Fronto, Epistles to Emperor Marcus Aurelius 1.3:
      Tuus igitur iste amor incultus et sine ratiōne exortus, spērō, cum cedrīs porrō adolēscet et aesculīs.
      Thus, I hope this love of yours, unplanted and sprung up without reason, shall grow on with the cedars and oaks.
  7. in turn
    • c. 84 BCE – 54 BCE, Catullus, Carmina 68.45–46:
      Sed dīcam vōbīs, vōs porrō dīcite multīs
           mīlibus et facite haec charta loquātur anus.
      But I shall tell you, you, in turn, tell it to many
           thousands and let this paper speak in old age.
    • 45 BCE, Cicero, De finibus bonorum et malorum 2.19.61:
      Quod quidem eius factum nisi esset iūre laudātum, nōn esset imitātus quārtō cōnsulātū suō fīlius, neque porrō ex eō nātus cum Pyrrhō bellum gerēns cōnsul cecidisset in proeliō sēque ē continentī genere tertiam victimam reī pūblicae praebuisset.
      Had his [‌Publius Decius Mus'] deed not been deservedly praised, his son wouldn't have imitated him during his fourth consulate, nor would his son in turn have fallen in battle waging war on Pyrrhus and offered himself to the Republic a third victim from his kind.
  8. on the other hand, but

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese porro, from Latin porrum (leek).

Noun[edit]

porro m (plural porros)

  1. leek (Allium ampeloprasum, syn. Allium porrum, a vegetable)
    Synonyms: alho-francês, alho-porro, alho-poró

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin porrum, possibly through Catalan porro. Compare the inherited form puerro.

Noun[edit]

porro m (plural porros)

  1. (botany) leek
    Synonym: puerro

Etymology 2[edit]

From porra.

Adjective[edit]

porro (feminine singular porra, masculine plural porros, feminine plural porras)

  1. (colloquial) stupid

Noun[edit]

porro m (plural porros)

  1. (Mexico) A member of a criminal shock group, mainly targeting student protesters

Etymology 3[edit]

Of uncertain origin.

Noun[edit]

porro m (plural porros)

  1. joint, reefer
    Synonyms: bate (Honduras), canuto, carruco (Honduras), leño (Honduras)
Derived terms[edit]