sál

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See also: Sal, sal, şal, šal, šál, sâl, and śal

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowing from German Saal.[1][2]

Noun[edit]

sál m

  1. room
  2. saloon
  3. hall
  4. theater (operating theater for surgery)
    Zraněného přivezli na operační sál.
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

sál

  1. third-person masculine past of sát

References[edit]

  1. ^ Machek, Václav (1968) Etymologický slovník jazyka českého (in Czech), 2nd edition edition, Prague: Academia, page 536
  2. ^ Rejzek, Jiří (2007) Český etymologický slovník (in Czech), Version 1.0 edition, Prague: Leda

External links[edit]

  • sál in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • sál in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from German Schal, from English shawl, from Persian شال ‎(šâl, shawl, scarf).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈʃaːl]
  • Hyphenation: sál

Noun[edit]

sál ‎(plural sálak)

  1. scarf
  2. shawl

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -a-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative sál sálak
accusative sálat sálakat
dative sálnak sálaknak
instrumental sállal sálakkal
causal-final sálért sálakért
translative sállá sálakká
terminative sálig sálakig
essive-formal sálként sálakként
essive-modal
inessive sálban sálakban
superessive sálon sálakon
adessive sálnál sálaknál
illative sálba sálakba
sublative sálra sálakra
allative sálhoz sálakhoz
elative sálból sálakból
delative sálról sálakról
ablative sáltól sálaktól
Possessive forms of sál
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. sálam sáljaim
2nd person sing. sálad sáljaid
3rd person sing. sálja sáljai
1st person plural sálunk sáljaink
2nd person plural sálatok sáljaitok
3rd person plural sáljuk sáljaik

Derived terms[edit]


Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse sál, from Old English sāwol, sāwl, from Proto-Germanic *saiwalō.

Noun[edit]

sál f ‎(genitive singular sálar, nominative plural sálir)

  1. a soul
    • Einar Benediktsson
      Aðgát skal höfð í nærveru sálar.
      Exercise caution in the presence of a soul.
    Blóð er gjaldmiðill sálarinnar.
    Blood is the currency of the soul.
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Attested since the 16th century; origin uncertain. Perhaps from Proto-Germanic *sahalō, from the root *seh- ‎(to cut), originally denoting a bag sewn from cut-out pieces of skin; or perhaps from *sawalō, related to sjóður ‎(purse), or from *saihalō, related to sár ‎(cask).

Noun[edit]

sál f ‎(genitive singular sálar, nominative plural sálar)

  1. a skin bag
Declension[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

References[edit]


Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sál f pl

  1. genitive plural of sáil

Noun[edit]

sál f ‎(genitive singular sáile, nominative plural sála)

  1. Alternative form of sáil ‎(heel)
Declension[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
sál shál
after an, tsál
unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *séh₂ls. Akin to Latin sal and English salt.

Noun[edit]

sál m ‎(o-stem)

  1. salt water, brine, seawater
  2. (poetic, by extension) sea, ocean
    • c. 900, Sanas Cormaic, from the Yellow Book of Lecan, Corm. Y 1132
      sáil-onn .i. cloch sáil
      sea-rock i.e. rock of the sea
Alternative forms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *stātlā (compare Welsh sawdl), from Proto-Indo-European *steh₂- ‎(to stand).

Noun[edit]

sál f ‎(ā-stem)

  1. heel
    • c. 845, St. Gall Glosses on Priscian, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1975, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. II, pp. 49–224, Sg. 68b7
      sál glosses calx
Derived terms[edit]
  • sál tre assa ‎(tonsure, literally heel through the shoe)
Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
sál ṡál unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]