trinken

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See also: Trinken

German[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German trinken, from Old High German trinkan (attested since the 8th century), from Proto-Germanic *drinkaną. The further etymology is currently unknown. Either the nasalized form is a direct descent from Proto-Indo-European *dʰreǵ- (to draw with one's mouth, to pull) and may be related to Sanskrit ध्रजति (dhrajáti, to glide, to move steadily, to fly) or it has been borrowed from a non-Indo-European language as a substrate.[1]

Germanic cognates with identical meaning include Old Saxon drinkan (and Low German drinken), Old Dutch drinkan (and Dutch drinken, Afrikaans drink), Old English drincan (and Modern English drink), Old Frisian drinka (and West Frisian drinke), Old Norse drekka (and Icelandic drekka, Faroese drekka, Norwegian drikke, Swedish dricka, Danish drikke), Gothic 𐌳𐍂𐌹𐌲𐌺𐌰𐌽 (drigkan) and Vandalic drincan.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈtʁɪŋkən/, /ˈtrɪŋkən/, [ˈtʁɪŋkŋ̩]
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪŋkən
  • Hyphenation: trin‧ken

Verb[edit]

trinken (class 3 strong, third-person singular simple present trinkt, past tense trank, past participle getrunken, past subjunctive tränke, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive) to drink (to consume (a liquid) through the mouth or the liquid contained within (a bottle, glass, etc.))
  2. (intransitive) to drink (to consume alcoholic beverages)
  3. (intransitive) to drink; to toast (engage in a salutation (of someone), accompanying the raising of glasses while drinking alcohol)
  4. (reflexive) to drink one's fill; to drink to satiety

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pfeifer, Wolfgang. 1995, 2005. Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Deutschen. München: dtv. →ISBN.

Further reading[edit]


Middle High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German trinkan, from Proto-Germanic *drinkaną. Cognate with English drink, Dutch drinken, Old Saxon drinkan.

Verb[edit]

trinken

  1. (transitive) to drink
  2. (intransitive) to drink; to toast

Conjugation[edit]


Descendants[edit]


Mòcheno[edit]

Verb[edit]

trinken

  1. to drink

References[edit]

  • Umberto Patuzzi, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar, Luserna: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien.