zaudēt

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognates include Lithuanian žavìnti, žudýti (to kill, to destroy). From the same stem as zust (to disappear) (q.v.), of which zaudēt was originally one of the causative forms. The original meaning “to destroy” is attested in 17th-century texts.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Verb[edit]

zaudēt tr. or intr., 2nd conj., pres. zaudēju, zaudē, zaudē, past zaudēju

  1. to lose (to cause something to not be in one's possession without something, e.g., because of circumstances or bad luck)
    zaudēt visu mantuto lose all (one's) property, possessions
    zaudēt sazvejotās zivisto lose the fish that had been caught
    viņš zināja, ka Dzērvītes ir pēdējā dzimtas ligzda, kas to saistīja pie šīm vietām; zaudējot Dzērvītes, jaunie putni izklīstu pasaulē... pazustu svešos ļaudīs... nedrīkst zaudēt Dzērvīteshe knew that Dzērvītes (house) was the last family nest that connected him to this place... losing Dzērvītes, the new birds would disperse in the world... (they) would disappear in (= among) strangers... (he) couldn't lose Dzērvītes
  2. to lose (to end up without (something), to not have been able to protect, conserve (something))
    zaudēt dzīvībuto lose (one's) life
    zaudēt dzimtenito lose (one's) homeland
    zaudēt brīvībuto lose (one's) freedom
    zaudēt darbuto lose (one's) work, job
    zaudēt savu varuto lose (one's) power
    zaudēt kāda mīlestībuto lose someone's love
    zaudēt tiesības uz mantojumuto lose(one's) right of inheritance
    zaudēt spēkuto lose force, validity (a document, law, etc.)
    Bērzu muiža bija zaudējusi savu nosaukumu; muižas te vairs nebijaBērzu (Birch) Manor had lost its name; there no longer was a manor there
  3. to lose (to be without a relative, friend, acquaintance, etc. after his or her death, or after divorce)
    zaudēt abus vecākusto lose both parents
    zaudēt kaujā daudzus vīrusto lose many men in battle
    agrā bernībā viņa bija zaudējusi ir māti, ir tēvuin early childhood she had lost both (her) mother and (her) father
  4. to lose (to become such that a given body part, organ or bodily function is lacking)
    zaudēt kājuto lose a leg
    zaudēt dzirdito lose (one's) hearing
    zaudēt balsito lose (one's) voice
    zaudēt veselībuto lose (one's) health
    zaudēt apetītito lose (one's) apetite
    zaudēt samaņuto lose consciousness
    zaudēt valoduto lose language (= to be suddenly unable to speak, to be speechless)
  5. (of bodily fluids) to lose (to have less of it)
    zaudēt asinisto lose blood
    palielinātas slāpes rodas tad, ja organisms pastiprināta veidā zaudē šķidrumuincreased thirst occurs when the organism loses fluids in an accelerated way
    meža cūkas zaudēja rudenī uzkrātos taukus un manāmi novājējawild boars lost in fall the accumulated fats and became visibly weaker
  6. (of mental states or skills, or character traits) to lose (to become such that one no longer has it)
    zaudēt drosmito lose courage
    zaudēt pašapziņuto lose self-esteem
    zaudēt savaldībuto lose composure
    zaudēt dzīvespriekuto lose (one's) enjoyment of life
    zaudēt interesito lose interest
    zaudēt autoritātito lose authority
    zaudēt cieņuto lose respect, dignity
    zaudēt cerībasto lose hope
    zaudēt uzticībuto lose confidence
    zaudēt ticību saviem spēkiemto lose faith in oneself (lit. in one's forces)
    zaudēju pacietību un uzkliedzu, cik man bija spēka: “klusumu!” — I lost patience and shouted, as loud as I could: “quiet!”
    mūsu dienās cilvēki zaudējuši prasmi rakstīt vēstulesin our days, people have lost their ability to write letters
  7. to lose (to no longer have a certain appearance or quality)
    mati zaudējuši spīdumuthe hair has lost (its) luster
    piens zaudējis labo garšuthe milk has lost (its) good flavor
    nauda zaudējusi savu vērtībuthe money has lost its value
  8. to lose (to have one's speed, altitude, size, etc. decrease)
    lidmašīna strauji zaudēja augstumuthe airplane quickly lost altitude
    kājas dzērājam bija zaudējušas parasto ritmuthe drunkard's legs had lost their normal rhythm
  9. to lose (to not obtain, to not get, something that could have been obtained, gotten; to spend something pointlessly)
    zaudēt laikuto lose time
    mēs zaudējām divas diennaktiswe lost two whole days
    vai jums bija zināms, ka ar šo parmaiņu jūs mēnesī zaudējat ap trīsdesmit rubļu?did you know that with this change you lose about three hundred rubles every month?
  10. (intransitive or transitive) to lose (to be beaten, defeated)
    zaudēt karāto lose in war
    zaudēt tiesāto lose in court
    zaudēt karu, kauju, cīņuto lose the war, the battle, the fight
    zaudēt derībasto lose a bet
    spēlējām kaut kā bez iedvesmas un parasti zaudējāmwe played somewhat without inspiration and usually lost
    rīdzinieki nespēja trāpīgi izpildīt soda metienu un zaudēja ar 4:5the Riga (team) could not successfully carry out a penalty shot and lost by 4:5
    sportā daži uzvar un daži zaudē, un pats svārīgākais ir gan triumfu, gan neveiksmi uzņemt ar vienādu vīrišķībuin sports some win and some lose, and even the most important (players) have to take both triumph and defeat with some manliness

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “zaudēt”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7