Wiktionary:Requested entries (Latin)
Have an entry request? Add it to the list. - But please:
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Please remove entries from this list once they have been written (i.e. the link is “live”, shown in blue, and has a section for the correct language)
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- Add glosses or brief definitions.
- Add the part of speech, preferably using a standardized template.
- If you know what a word means, consider creating the entry yourself instead of using this request page.
- Please indicate the gender(s) .
- If you see inflected forms (plurals, past tenses, superlatives, etc) indicate the base form (singular, infinitive, absolute, etc) of the requested term and the type of inflection used in the request.
- Don’t delete words just because you don’t know them — it may be that they are used only in certain contexts or are archaic or obsolete.
- Don’t simply replace words with what you believe is the correct form. The form here may be rare or regional. Instead add the standard form and comment that the requested form seems to be an error in your experience.
Note: This page may also be used to request botanical and zoological names that may not actually be Latin.
- aemidus (“swollen”)
- Aemilianus (Roman general)
- -ago Numerous Latin nouns end in ago. Usually there is an obvious stem. Is there a meaning or derivation to the suffix?
- albificativus, post-Classical
- albutium, pure Latin word for the asphodel; compare asphodelus and hērōum.
- Ancilia (do you mean ancilla (“maid-servant”)?)
- Antipater = Ancient Greek Ἀντίπατρος (Antípatros): several people — see Lewis & Short
- Antipatrus = later form of Antipater
- appulsiō — from appellō (“I drive or move to”, “I land or put ashore”); whence the English appulsion
- astrosus (“ill-starred”)
- -aticus, etonym of -aticum Nomimative neuter singular of ; whence the Old French -age; whence the English -age
- Aurea — female name
- beterarium (ancient)
- binōmius (“having two personal names”) — Late Latin; whence the English binomial and (probably) the French binôme.
- boeticus - species epithet. something to do with peas?
- bohemoslovenicus (“Czechoslovakian”)
- bulbocastanum - species epithet
- camahutus — es:camafeo mentions Latin etym (Etimología: del latín camahutus.) --biblbroksдискашн 17:25, 1 December 2013 (UTC)
- no such word - should be camaeus SemperBlotto (talk) 17:47, 1 December 2013 (UTC)
cambogia- as in Garcinia cambogia See Category:Species entry using missing Translingual specific epithet
- candum--the phrase is "quo recipiens vas collo candum" - variant of cantum
- cedmata — whence the English cedmata
- This appears to be either New Latin or "medical Latin" (i.e. English), but I can't determine which. --EncycloPetey 01:02, 15 November 2010 (UTC)
- I think this is true New Latin. However, the term seems not to be plurale tantum in Latin: Google Books yields Latin sources when searching for cedma may well be out there too, but any Latin hits get drowned out by the English acronyms CEdMA and CEDMA, the Spanish place-name Cedma, etc.). I'll see what I can do about creating a New Latin entry for cedma. — I.S.M.E.T.A. 10:03, 10 March 2015 (UTC) , , and (
- This appears to be either New Latin or "medical Latin" (i.e. English), but I can't determine which. --EncycloPetey 01:02, 15 November 2010 (UTC)
- cerasium and ceresium non-classical Latin "cherry" tree? fruit? In many Ety sections.
- chlorus - post-Classical, from Ancient Greek χλωρός.
claroideumas in Glomus claroideum See Category:Species entry using missing Translingual specific epithet.
- coctillō (“I poach”); e.g.: “Ovum coctillo.” = “I am poaching an egg.”
- collātīvus (“brought together”, “collected”, “joint”); whence the English collative
- conglūtinandus, passive future participle of conglūtinō
- contrarotulare, contrarotulus
- Cosri (“Khazars”)
- cucumiformis (“cucumiform”), cucumeriformis (“cucumeriform”) — New Latin; see their respective citations pages.
- deblaterātum, nominative neuter singular form of deblaterātus
- deblaterātus, perfect passive participle of deblaterō
- deblaterāvi, third principal part (first-person singular perfect active indicative form) of deblaterō
- decidendi (genitive of Latin decidendus from decido (means matter settled by a decision of court/authority)
- dēcīsīs — as in the legal phrase stare decisis; perhaps an inflexion (dat. or abl. pl.) of dēcīsus, the perfect participle of dēcīdō (“I settle, decide”)
- dēcrustō (“I peel off [a crust or outer layer]”) — from dē + crustō (“I crust”); whence the English decrustation
- desiderativus, whence English desiderative
Desmos — Genus name; see w:Desmos.
- dicturiō (“I long to say or tell”), desiderative form of dictō, frequentative form of dicō
- dilecto dilectori (Dearly beloved?)
- dōnātīvus (adjective), whence dōnātīvum
- duodeuicesimum, seems to mean 18 or 18th. See foemina cite.
- ēlātīvus, from ēlātus, from efferō
- embryonatus, post-Classical
- epididymidis as in ductus epididymidis (anatomy) — blue-linked because of an English misspelling entry
equiperdumas in Trypanosoma equiperdum. See Category:Species entry using missing Translingual specific epithet.
- erithacus species epithet?, from Greek. See Erithacus Genus names are often appropriated as species epithets without capitalization. It is part of the 'grammar' or taxonomic naming.
- erythematosus as in lupus erythematosus (medical) — blue-linked because of an English entry
- et saep./et saep
etunicatumas in Glomus etunicatum See Category:Species entry using missing Translingual specific epithet. Eunectes — The genus comprising the anacondas.
- exorbitō (“I go out of the track”) — Late Latin; from ex (“out”) + orbita (“wheel-track”); whence, via its present active participle exorbitāns, the English exorbitant.
- explicātīvus, whence the English explicative
- falcanda - mown (I assume connected with falx?). see e.g. The Charters of Duchess Constance of Brittany and Her Family, 1171-1221, page 72 Google Books
- fatendum — gerundive of fateor
- Favonius – appears in Catullus 26
- febrifugus (“driving away fevers”)
- fiber (“beaver”)
- finiuerat — used by Boethius * Alternate spelling of finiverat
- fissiparus, New Latin; whence the English fissiparous.
- flammaturum, flammatura, etc forms of flammaturus, as well as flammandus, flammanda, flammandum (all from flammo)
- fortuno — verb meaning "make happy, bless, make prosper". Decline like typical 1st conjugation verb (fortuno, fortunare, fortunavi, fortunatum).
- Furius - name used in Catullus 16
- Francus, already exists at la:Francus and fr:Francus although the two don't seem to say the same thing. Mglovesfun (talk) 09:27, 2 January 2010 (UTC)
- gadus - "cod" as see Gadus (etymology) — blue-linked because of a Latvian entry
- Gasani (“Khazars”)
- Gazari (“Khazars”)
- glattio (inf. glattire) or glattito (inf. glattitare) - to howl
- grannio (supposedly etymon of Old Portuguese grannon (moustache))
- hendecasyllabicus — whence the English hendecasyllabic
- hendiadys — Late and/or Mediaeval Latin. It's supposedly the etymon of the English hendiadys, but I can't find it in Lewis & Short, Gaffiot, Niermeyer, or the Oxford Latin Dictionary. The Oxford English Dictionary's entry for the English term includes the note "The Greek phrase [sc. ἓν διὰ δυοῖν ‘one by means of two’] is apparently not found in Greek grammarians, but is frequent in Servius on Virgil; in late MSS. of Servius, it appears latinized as endyadis, endyadys; Papias (12–13th cent.) has endiadis." (links and scilicet are my additions). — I.S.M.E.T.A. 06:07, 5 November 2014 (UTC)
- Hērō (“Hero of Sestos”, “one of the Danaïdes”, “a daughter of Priam”) — From the Ancient Greek Ἡρώ (Hērṓ); whence the Latin Hērōus; the link is blue because the page already has English and Esperanto entries.
- hērōīna (“heroine”) — The link is blue because the page already has Finnish, Polish, and Serbo-Croatian entries.
- hispalensis - Sevillan
- hydraulārius, from hydraulus
- iam magis/*iam magis. Is this attested in Classical, or does it occur only in Vulgar Latin? — Ungoliant (Falai)
- Iapetus (“Japheth”) — From the Ancient Greek Ἰᾰπετός (Iapetós). The link is blue because the page already has an entry for an English word of the same spelling.
- identificatio (this may be missing some macra)
- illum, illa, attested in Mediaeval Latin as definite articles.
- illustrissimus — superlative form of illustris (see )
- incendiuntur form of incendio(?) (verb), from incendo
- in ictu oculi
- inerro, inerrare, inerravi, inerratus - 1 (Wander)
- inquiam - defective verb
- inreprehensa - blameless? (see Ovid Metamorphises 3:340)
- interpungit ≟ third-person singular present active indicative of interpungō
- interpungō [blue-linked because of an Italian verb-form entry] ≟ “I punctuate” — Presumably from inter + pungō; perhaps whence the Italian interpungere (“to punctuate”).
- inter vivos
- intraradices - as in Glomus intraradices
- inventiuncula (diminutive of inventio)
- Isrāēl (“Israel”) — From the Ancient Greek Ἰσρᾱήλ (Isrāḗl). Israele (blue-linked because of an Italian entry) is one of its declined forms.
- Laelius (“Laelius”), whence the Ancient Greek Λαίλιος (Laílios)
- laophorium - a bus (λεωφορείο), as in  - we have laophoron SemperBlotto 21:40, 22 April 2011 (UTC)
- legitimo#Verb - (Sp. verb in entry) - Medieval Latin - not in Souter's Glossary of Late Latin to 600 A.D.
- leontopodium — Whence the genus epithet Leontopodium; also called (in Latin) brūmāria [sc. herba].
lepturusas in Buccochromis lepturus (note Lepturus is a genus of grass)
- licentiātus, from licentia
- licinus (“bent”) — perhaps the root of oblīquus
- lithophyta — Modern Latin; see lithophyta#English. See also w:Vermes.
- lithophyton — Modern Latin; see lithophyton#English
- livius - from livor#la post-Classical, fairly widely used as a specific epithet in a three genders.
- lo, claimed to be medieval Vulgar Latin, bluelinked because of other languages
- locabilia - post-Classical, used from at least 15th century onward in astronomical, philosophical, and theological texts: seems to mean "portable"?
- missitalium, missitalius (“mongrel”)
- māiestātīvus (“based on royal prerogative”, “majestic”, “regal”) — Late Latin; from māiestās; whence the French majestatif.
- mandātīvus (“of, pertaining to, or in the third-person [future] imperative”, later “commanding”), post-Classical; from mandō (“I command”, “I entrust”); whence the English mandative.
- manuor manuari, manuatus sum — v. dep., to steal; Laber. in Gell. 16,7. See Lewis & Short.
- marcus, martus, marculus (hammer?)
- mathematicalis as in "liber mathematicalis"
- Maximilianus, whence German Maximilian
- medicatrix as in vis medicatrix naturae
melioloidesas in Perisporiopsis melioloides See Category:Species entry using missing Translingual specific epithet. mellonellaas in Galleria mellonella. See Category:Species entry using missing Translingual specific epithet.
- memento novissima (“remember the Four Last Things?”) ("remember the last/most recent/newest", see novissimus)
mesarthrocarpumas in Discosporangium mesarthrocarpum See Category:Species entry using missing Translingual specific epithet.
- Mesopotamia — From the Ancient Greek Μεσοποταμία (Mesopotamía); whence the English Mesopotamia. (The link is blue because of the homographic English entry.)
- metuliferus, a specific epithet only, AFAICT
- minōrātīvus, post-Classical; see minorative.
- mirandulanus — Seems to be very common in proper-noun constructions.
- monotonus (“unvarying in tone”) — from the Koine Greek μονότονος (monótonos, “steady”, “unwavering”); whence the English monotone.
- monstrātīvus, post-Classical (used in Boëthius's translation of Aristotle); from monstrō (“I show”).
- moridunum (“sea-fort”) — Please include an etymology.
- Munda - Iberian river (in Portugal)
- mūsaeum — variant form of mūsēum; whence the English musæum
- mutuantem (“lang-la”) - Medieval Latin, as in "ab eximia mutuantem largitate", Saxo, 6.4.13. Assuming this is a form of mutatis, but the translation I have it is strange.
- myriades (“multiples of ten thousand”, “a countless number”) plurale tantum — from the Ancient Greek µῡρῐάδες (µūriádes) in the same sense, and also as an adjective (meaning “countless”, “innumberable”), plural form of µῡρῐάς (µūriás) (rare in the singular), from µῡρίος (µūríos, “countless”), µῡρίοι (µūríoi, “ten thousand”); whence the Catalan miríada, the English myriad, the Middle- and Modern-French myriade, the Italian miriade, and the Spanish miríada; link is blue because the page has a French plural noun entry
- myrtillus — Med. Latin., from myrtus. I think it's
blueberry orbilberry, but I don't know whether it has a macron or two. Myrtillus is pre-Linnean.
- nancio, nancior
- nauseātīvus (“that induces nausea”), post-Classical
- navicella (It. navicella, Pt. Es. nacela, Fr. nacelle
- navitus perhaps "willpower" or "energy" according to some googling, no authoritative references yet
- noenu - archaic form of 'non' from 'ne' (the ancient Latin negative), and 'oinom', the old form of 'unum'. c.f. Lucretius 3.199
- noncuplus (“nine times larger than”) — post-Classical Latin (beginning of the 5ᵗʰ C.); from nōnus (“ninth”) + -cuplus (per decuplus); whence the English noncuple
- obtutus, obtutus — 4th declension, contemplation, gaze.
- obticuit — used in Boethius
occipio — -cepi -ceptum third conj. (from ob + capio). I begin, start.
- odōrātīvus (“that has a pleasant smell”, Mediaeval “olfactory”), post-Classical; from odōrō (“I perfume”)
- olo -ere, same as oleo -ere  — blue-linked because of entries in Finnish and Sranan Tongo
- omniam — The prevalence of scannos of omnium on Google Books makes examples difficult to find.
- oppīlātiō (“the action of stopping up”) — from oppīlō (“I block (stop up)”); whence the English oppilation
- opus est — grammatical phrase: it is necessary + dative + infinitive.
- or — blue-linked because of entries for seventeen other languages
- oraturi — used in "Oraturi sumus ut de vita ante acta domini cogitetis ne insidiarum damnetur." (ōrātūrus, a participle of ōrō)
- ossum: bone. Is this attested in Classical Latin?
- parabula - alternate form of parabola (see Ps. 77:2 Vulg)
- parātiō (“the act or process of obtaining for one’s use”), Classical
- paterfamilias (we have English) * see pater familias Chuck Entz 04:42, 13 February 2012 (UTC) but we still need the entire declension --Μετάknowledgediscuss/deeds 06:32, 17 March 2012 (UTC)
- pentandra species epithet Ceiba pentandra
- percnurus species epithet Phoxinus percnurus sachalinensis, probably perca (“perch”) + nurus (“daughter-in-law”)
- percontativus — compare percontatiō; whence the English percontative
- percontatorius (“of or relating to questioning”) — post-Classical (Erasmus, ante 1536)
- percontātrīx — feminine of percontātor
- perpopulor (verb) to ravage
- persenso (verb) to perceive or feel deeply, see Verg.A.4.90, 'quam simul ac tali persensit..'
- petaurista (noun) acrobat. nom. singular 1st decl. masculine; nom. plural: petauristae
- pharmacia - ML. pharmacy
- pillō (gsg pillōnis), piliō (gsg piliōnis), pillōnium (gsg pillōniī) = “chaff” [Mediaeval]
- plebium - plebs is not an i-stem noun; see plebum. --Μετάknowledgediscuss/deeds 06:32, 17 March 2012 (UTC)
- plūmātilis (“embroidered like feathers”), Classical, used by Plautus
- poplicus form of poplus, or of publicus
- portucalēnsis (“Portuguese”) - Medieval Latin: uncertain about the macronization
- potiusque sero quam nunquam
- praemonitio — given as an example of a word formed using the preposition prae at the soon-to-be-deleted entry for prae-.
- praenuntiātīvus (“announcing beforehand”, “prophetic”), post-Classical; whence the English prenunciative
- praeternaturalis — given as an example of a word formed using the preposition prae at the soon-to-be-deleted entry for prae-.
- primus pilus. See πῖλος (pîlos)
- Propontis - in Catullus 4. Greek declension?
- proposcit. Seen in the letters of Pliny the Younger.
- prosōpographia (“description of a person’s appearance”, “description of an individual’s life”) — whence the English prosopography, the French prosopographie, and the German Prosopographie; from the Ancient Greek πρόσωπον + -γραφία
- prōstrātīvus (“that prostrates”), post-Classical
- proxenī — nominative plural (+ voc. pl. & gen. sg.) form(s) of proxenus; whence English proxeni (hence the blue link)
- proxenus — intermediate between Ancient Greek πρόξενος (próksenos, “public guest”) and English proxenus (hence the blue link)
pteronissinus- as in Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus. See Category:Species entry using missing Translingual specific epithet.
- quampluribus, quampluribi (“as many as possible ?”)
- quadralis. See quadral#English, also a species epithet. wikispecies:quadralis
- quadrifurcātus (“four-pronged”)
- quamque dunno wat it means but need to.
- quere (bluelinked because of Galician)
- qui bene amat bene castigat, supposed etymology for French qui aime bien châtie bien. Mglovesfun (talk) 23:06, 1 January 2010 (UTC)
- quid pro quo needs adding to the list. As in ' to do something for someone in return for a favour or service they have already done for you'. i.e, 'you scratch my back, and I'll scratch yours'; or in layman's terms, to repay a favour, often in kind, and not in the form of a cash payment, but rather via performing some service, assistance, or favour, to even the debt.
- quinione, etymon of Portuguese quinhão (“share; portion”).
- quinisextus, as in Concilium Quinisextum
- quirītō (“I cry out”), possible etymon of cry
- qui tacet consentit means silence gives consent in Latin.
- quodlibet, quaelibet (and apparently quorumlibet, quoslibet, etc. also exist)
- quod licet Iovi, non licet bovi
- rāmificātiō — Mediæval Latin; from rāmificō
- rāmificō, rāmificāre… — Mediæval Latin (blue-linked because of entries in: Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese; Italian and Spanish)
- recente (“fresh ?”) - used in Chinese materia medica, probably taken from something published in scientific Latin; recense was a misspelling of recente, published in a PRC Pharmacopoeia; form of recens. It seems to be used as adj in NP, but modifying genitive or nominative. ML.? NL.? mistake?
- rectilīneāris — whence the English rectilinear
- recūsātīvus (“prohibitory”), Latin Latin; whence the English recusative.
- referendārius ≈ "public prosecutor"
- refriscō (“I refresh?”)
- remoramina, remoraminum… - hindrances
- repertor - masculine, from reperio, discoverer, inventor, author
- res angusta domi
- res furtiva
- res inter alios acta
- respōnsus — the perfect passive participle of respondeō (blue-linked because of an Ido entry)
rhizogenesas in Agrobacterium rhizogenes
- rhonchare (Spanish roncar)
- rigens present participle of rigeō
- ringor - intr to open the mouth wide; to show the teeth; to snarl; (fig) to be snappy
roxburghiias in Pinus roxburghii See Category:Species entries using missing Translingual specific epithets.
sacchariflorus, species epithet as in Miscanthus sacchariflorus See Category:Species entry using missing Translingual specific epithet
- sagina (“feasting, nourishment, fattening”)
- salarium (“money to buy salt/salary”)
- salsīcius (“seasoned with salt”) — Vulgar Latin?
- salvere iubeo
- sappinus (“fir tree”), whence the French sapin
- sciaticus - as in "nervus sciaticus" (anatomy)
- scelerator - criminal
- scurrilis, scurrile — rude, impudent
- sēdecuplus (“sixteenfold”, “sedecuple”)
- sēmēsus — whence the English semese, q.v. for more info.
- semetipsum - seems to be semet + ipsum, but don't both mean himself/itself... itself itself? is it an intensive, like its very own self?
- semovendas - conjugation of "semoveo" - to remove
- siliceus - of flint, of limestone (Classical)
- sisalana - species epithet "Agave sisalana"
- smecticus (“cleansing”) from Ancient Greek σµηκτικός (sµēktikós); see fr.wt.
- sophus — from the Ancient Greek σοφός (sophós); the English sophi derives from the nominative plural form sophī.
- spagus (“string”) ― etymon of Italian spago (“cord, string”), whence diminutive spaghetto, whence the plural spaghetti, whence English, French, and Polish spaghetti
- sphygmicus — from the Ancient Greek σφυγμικός (sphugmikós); whence the English sphygmic
- standi: see "sto" on latin dictionary. Sentence: "Locus standi" (Place of standing).
- status spongiosus: some kind of medical symptom; might be more English than Latin in usage
- stellō, stellāre, stellāvī, stellātum — from stella (“star”); whence the English verb (not adjective) stellate (“make stellate”, “render stelliform”)
- stlocum (accusative singular form of assumed *stlocus) — Old Latin etymon on the Classical Latin locus
- stloppus (“a slap”, i.e., the sound produced by striking upon the inflated cheek) — whence the Italian schioppo (“a gun”) and scoppio (“noise”)
- strabismus — from the Ancient Greek στραβισμός (strabismós); whence the homographic English strabismus
- stylobata- stylobate
- succēdāneus (adjective: “that follows after or succeeds to something”, “that supplies the place of something”, “substituted”, “succedaneous”; substantivised: “a substitute”, “representative” – governs the genitive: conceptually “representative of”) — from succēdo
- succīdāneus — "very ancient orthog." (see L&S) for succēdāneus
- succuba (needs Latin): succubus.
- suppūrātīvus — from suppūrō; whence the English suppurative
- suspectiō (“a looking up to [any one]”, very rare “an esteeming highly”) — From suspiciō; whence the Old French sospeçon.
Tautogolabrus, a genus in the familia Labridae (“the wrasses”) — See Tautogolabrus adspersus (“the bergall”).
- telarium tiller of a ship
- temperātīvus, Late Latin
- tentaculum#Latin tentacle, feeler New? or Medieval Latin? tentaculum#Translingual
- theōrēticus — Late Latin; from the Ancient Greek θεωρητικός (theōrētikós); whence the English theoretic; page blue-linked because of an entry for the Dutch theoreticus, which is probably related.
thermautotrophicusas in Methanothermobacter thermautotrophicus. See Category:Species entry using missing Translingual specific epithet.
- Thoma - In Thomæ laude resono bim bom sine fraude
- tībīcinō, from tībīcen
- tonsoria (etymon of tesoura, tijera)
- toparcha — See toparch.
- toparchia — From the Ancient Greek τοπαρχία (toparkhía); whence the English toparchy and the French toparchie.
- trema (“aperture”)
- tricari be evasive
- trochilus "A very small bird, perh. the golden-crested wren, trochil", probably not Trochilus
- tudiculare - to crush
- -tus - from *-tós, suffix used to form perfect participles. Compare discussion at Wiktionary:Tea_room#-tor_in_Latin.
- Tenedos - The Island off the coast of Troy
- ullusne * See ullus and -ne Chuck Entz 06:04, 17 February 2012 (UTC)
- unciatim: ounce by ounce
- unum, una, attested in Mediaeval Latin as indefinite articles.
- utrasque: unsure of meaning: perhaps "each alike"? e.g. "qui tollens universa haec divisit per medium et utrasque partes contra se altrinsecus posuit aves autem non divisit" (Gen. 15:10 in the Latin Vulgate); "porro divisit utrasque inter se familias sortibus erant enim principes sanctuarii et principes Dei tam de filiis Eleazar quam de filiis Ithamar" (1Ch 24:5 in Vulgate); and "Plenumque miraculi et hoc, pariter utrasque artes effloruisse, medicinam dico magicenque eadem ætate illam Hippocrate, hanc Democrito inlustrantibus [...]" (Pliny Nat. Hist. liber xxx ch. 2).
- v. a. (needs Latin) — vices agens, seems to have formerly been used in English but now obsolete
- vador noun??? missing: "trial" (not in L&S)
- Valerius - irregular vocative?
- vapōrātivus, Mediaeval Latin
- vermifugus (“expelling worms”)
- volātūra (noun), from volō (“I fly”)
- vulgare (adv.), common, ordinary, vulgar (classical sense), synonym vulgariter; said to come from vulgaris; needs a usage note like: the word is also considered to be incorrect