runa

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See also: runā

Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

rūna

  1. Romanization of 𐍂𐌿𐌽𐌰

Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

runa f (plural rune)

  1. rune

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *reu-, *ru-, imitative of speech sounds (from which also Latvian rūkt (to roar, growl, snarl)), with a suffix *-nā. Cognates include Old Irish run, Gothic 𐍂𐌿𐌽𐌰 (runa, secret, mystery) (i.e., that which is said as a secret), Old English rūn, Old Saxon rūna, Middle Low German rūne (mysterious whisper; runic character), Old Norse rȳna (to talk secretly), Old English rūnian (to whisper; to plot, conspire), Old High German rūnēn, German raunen (to whisper). Latvian runa probably also meant originally “solemn speech” (maybe “mystic ritual”?); still in the 17-19th centuries it was often used to indicate some special kind of communication (e.g., runas dot “to give advice”, lit. “to give talk”, or runas diena “council meeting”, lit. “talking day”).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

runa f (4th declension)

  1. speech, speaking, talking (articulated production of language)
    runas spēja, iemaņas, traucējumispeech ability, skills, disorders
    runas orgāni, aparātsspeech organs, apparatus
    iekšēja runa — internal speech, internal monologue
    ātra runa — fast speech; a quick question
    izteiksmīga runa — expressive speech
    runas veids — way, style of speaking
    bērnu runa — children's talk
  2. talk, words (what is said by someone)
    par ko ir runa? — what (are you) talking about?
    par to nevar būt ne runas — about that there can be no talk, it is out of the question
    ticēt glaimu runām — to believe flattering words
    runas apklusa — the talking (= people) became silent
  3. speech (a spoken text, often delivered in public)
    runas māksla — the art of speech, oratory
    oratora runa — the speaker's talk
    apsveikuma runa — welcome speech
    teikt runu, uzstāties ar runu — to deliver a speech
    publiskā runa — public speech
    galda runa — table, banquet speech, after-dinner speech
  4. (grammar) speech (direct or indirect presentation of someone's words)
    tiešā, netiešā runa — direct, indirect speech
  5. (chiefly in the plural) rumor, gossip, idle talk
    tukšas runas — empty rumors
    kaimiņu runas — neighbors' talk
    zināt no ļaužu runām — to know from people's talk, by hearsay
    neklausīties ļaužu runās — don't listen to people's talk

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “runāt” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7

Mapudungun[edit]

Noun[edit]

runa (using Raguileo Alphabet)

  1. a handful

References[edit]

  • Wixaleyiñ: Mapucezugun-wigkazugun pici hemvlcijka (Wixaleyiñ: Small Mapudungun-Spanish dictionary), Beretta, Marta; Cañumil, Dario; Cañumil, Tulio, 2008.

Old English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rūna f

  1. nominative plural of rūn
  2. accusative plural of rūn

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

runa

  1. genitive singular of runo
  2. nominative plural of runo
  3. accusative plural of runo
  4. vocative plural of runo

Portuguese[edit]

Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia pt

runas

Etymology[edit]

From French rune, from Gothic 𐍂𐌿𐌽𐌰 (runa), from Old Norse rún, rúnar (“secret, rune”), from Proto-Germanic *rūnō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

runa f (plural runas)

  1. rune

Related terms[edit]


Quechua[edit]

Noun[edit]

runa (plural runakuna)

  1. man
  2. person, human being

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /rûːna/
  • Hyphenation: ru‧na

Noun[edit]

rȗna f (Cyrillic spelling ру̑на)

  1. rune

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • runa” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia es

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Old Norse rún, rúnar (“secret, rune”), from Proto-Germanic *rūnō.

Noun[edit]

runa f (plural runas)

  1. rune
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Quechua runa (man).

Noun[edit]

runa m (plural runas)

  1. (colloquial, in Quechua communities) man

Etymology 3[edit]

inflected form of runo

Adjective[edit]

runa f (masculine runo, feminine plural runas, masculine plural runos)

  1. feminine form of runo

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

runa c

  1. a rune, a letter of the runic alphabet

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]