Wiktionary:Requested entries (Latin)

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Have an entry request? Add it to the list – but please:

  • Consider creating a citations page with your evidence that the word exists instead of simply listing it here
  • Think twice before adding long lists of words as they may be ignored.
  • If possible provide context, usage, field of relevance, etc.
  • Check the Wiktionary:Criteria for inclusion if you are unsure if it belongs in the dictionary.
  • If the entry already exists, but seems incomplete or incorrect, do not add it here; add a request template to the entry itself to ask someone to fix the problem, e.g. {{rfp}} or {{rfe}} for pronunciation or etymology respectively.
    — Note also that such requests, like the information requested, belong on the base form of a word, not on inflected forms.

Please remove entries from this list once they have been written (i.e. the link is “live”, shown in blue, and has a section for the correct language)

There are a few things you can do to help:

  • Add glosses or brief definitions.
  • Add the part of speech, preferably using a standardized template.
  • If you know what a word means, consider creating the entry yourself instead of using this request page.
  • Please indicate the gender(s) .
  • If you see inflected forms (plurals, past tenses, superlatives, etc.) indicate the base form (singular, infinitive, absolute, etc.) of the requested term and the type of inflection used in the request.
  • Don’t delete words just because you don’t know them – it may be that they are used only in certain contexts or are archaic or obsolete.
  • Don’t simply replace words with what you believe is the correct form. The form here may be rare or regional. Instead add the standard form and comment that the requested form seems to be an error in your experience.

Requested-entry pages for other languages: Category:Requested entries.

Note: This page may also be used to request botanical and zoological names that may not actually be Latin.

See also:

A[edit]

B[edit]

C[edit]

D[edit]

E[edit]

F[edit]

G[edit]

H[edit]

  • halodurans - taxonomy
  • halepense taxonomy (or mul)
  • hiatrica
  • hominēscō
  • hyacinthizōn
  • habitasne "Do you live in... (X Place, eg. Rome)?" I believe this is the meaning, but am not certain.
  • hemicycliumhemicycle, hémicycle etc.
  • hendecasyllabicus — whence the English hendecasyllabic
  • hendiadys — Late and/or Mediaeval Latin. It's supposedly the etymon of the English hendiadys, but I can't find it in Lewis & Short, Gaffiot, Niermeyer, or the Oxford Latin Dictionary. The Oxford English Dictionary's entry for the English term includes the note "The Greek phrase [sc. ἓν διὰ δυοῖν ‘one by means of two’] is apparently not found in Greek grammarians, but is frequent in Servius on Virgil; in late MSS. of Servius, it appears latinized as endyadis, endyadys; Papias (12–13th cent.) has endiadis." (links and scilicet are my additions). — I.S.M.E.T.A. 06:07, 5 November 2014 (UTC)[reply]
  • hetaericē: in some dictionaries it's "hetaericē, ēs, f." while in others it's "hetaericos, -ē, -on" (ἑταιρικός (hetairikós)). Cornelius Nepos: "Novissimo tempore praefuit etiam alterae equitum alae, quae hetaerice/Hetaerice appellabatur."
  • Hērō (Hero of Sestos”, “one of the Danaïdes”, “a daughter of Priam) — From the Ancient Greek Ἡρώ (Hērṓ); whence the Latin Hērōus; the link is blue because the page already has English and Esperanto entries.
  • hērōīna (heroine) — The link is blue because the page already has Finnish, Polish, and Serbo-Croatian entries.
  • hicce (emphatic form of hic?)
    • hic + -ce. L&S in the entry hic: "More emphatic, in the original full form, hīce, haece, hōce (not, as formerly written, hicce, haecce, hocce [...]". Some younger dictionaries do have it as hice (not hīce) and don't mention hicce at all, not even as a misspelling. For older Latin, the existence of hice, haece, hoce (or hīce, haece, hōce) might be doubtful and depend on the manuscript or edition (compare Citations:haec, Citations:huic and the comment in the version history). In Medieval and older New Latin, both hice and hicce could have exist.
  • hippagogoe (f. pl., gen. -on with long o, acc. -us with long u), maybe singular hippagogos and alternative plural hippagogi (that's L&S's form)
  • hispalensis - Sevillan
  • homagium
  • hoquetus, "hiccup", as seen in ety at hocket
  • hydraulārius, from hydraulus
  • hyperboreanus - Late latin, from the etymology of English hyperborean

I[edit]

  • ignis fatuus – see English entry
  • ishigakijimensis - taxonomy
  • inquerendum - taxonomy but also Latin prose?
  • inquerendus
  • iam magis/*iam magis. Is this attested in Classical, or does it occur only in Vulgar Latin? — Ungoliant (Falai)
  • Iapetus (Japheth) — From the Ancient Greek Ἰᾰπετός (Iapetós). The link is blue because the page already has an entry for an English word of the same spelling.
    • Latin works have Japheth, Japhet (or rarer Iapheth, Iaphet, depending on edition), though besides "Sem, Cham et Japhet[h] (Iaphet[h])" there is also "Semus, Chamus et Japhetus (Japetus, rarer Japhethus)".
  • identificatio (this may be missing some macra)
  • illegitimi — Latin or pseudo-Latin for "bastard" (someone of illegitimate heritage). Part of the phrase illegitimi non carborundum Purplebackpack89 17:58, 10 August 2017 (UTC)[reply]
    • An adjective illegitimus meaning unlawful is present in dictionaries. illegitimi as plural of the noun *illegitimus could be Medieval or New Latin.
  • illustrissimus — superlative form of illustris (see [1])
  • incendiuntur form of incendio(?) (verb), from incendo
  • Incis: means Incas, inflected form of *Incus (-i, m.) or *Inca (-ae, m.)? Joannis Severinus Vaterus, "Linguarum totius orbis Index alphabeticus, quarum Grammaticae, Lexica, collectiones vocabulorum [...]", Berolini, MDCCCXV (1815) has "ab Incis"
  • infecto, infectare: to infect (whence Corsican infettà, Italian infettare and Spanish infectare). Thadh (talk) 10:43, 14 July 2021 (UTC)[reply]
  • infrafrenata
  • in ictu oculi
  • inerro, inerrare, inerravi, inerratus - 1 (Wander)
  • innabilis perhaps only use is Ov. M. 1, 16
  • in principio - in principle? — No; "in the beginning" (opening words of Genesis 1:1 and John 1:1)
  • inreprehensa - blameless? (see Ovid Metamorphises 3:340)
  • inter vivos
  • *intoxicō, 'citable' in https://apps.atilf.fr/lecteurFEW/lire/40/771. Anything unattested that appears in a reputable etymological dictionary should be ok for an appendix. IMO. Renard Migrant (talk) 17:21, 3 September 2016 (UTC)[reply]
  • intraradices - as in Glomus intraradices
  • internitio - found this in Paulus Diaconus, appears to mean killing or destruction but cannot find more info
  • inventiuncula (diminutive of inventio)
  • Iracanus, Iracana, Iracanum, meaning Iraqi (adj.)? Etymology could be: Irac- (stem of Irac (indecl., f.), Iraca (-ae, f.), or maybe also Iracus (?), Iracum (?) meaning Iraq) + -anus.
    • Iracanus: Example: "[Arab name], medicus Iracanus, i.e. sine dubio Bagdadensis et interpres meritissimus, qui [...]" in Memoriam anniversariam dedicatae ante hos CCLXXXXVIII annos scholae regiae afranae, p.36, at GB - which could mean something like: '[Arab name], Iraqi physician/doctor, that is without doubt from Baghdad (or: Baghdadi, Baghdadian) and much deserved interpreter (or: explainer, translator)'. Another one, though this might also mean Iraqi (subst.): "Ego vero, inquit Emir, unde te norim, cum ego Damascenus sim, tu sis Iracanus?" in Institutiones Arabicae linguae. Adjecta est chrestomathia Arabica, 1770, p.528.
    • Iracani: Could mean Iraqis (subst). Example: "Persae, Iracani, Indi, ut Thomthom [...], et Euclides eius auctores habentur" quoted inside a German text at GB
    • Iracanum: Example: "[Arab words] significare ventum Iracanum, non improbabile est" at GB - where "ventum Iracanum" could be the accusative of "ventus Iracanus" meaning "Iraqi wind".
    • Iracana: Example: "Diwani carmina, ait, in diversa genera divisit, qualia sunt Iracana" in Lexicon bibliographicum et encyclopaedicum. Tomus tertius, 1842, p.259.
  • Iroquae (-arum, m.) or Iroqua (-ae, m.) (?), and Iroqui (-orum, m.) or Iroquus (-i, m.), and Iroquaei (-orum, m.) or Iroquaeus (-i, m.) or Iroquaeus (-a, -um; adj.) - Iroquois?
    • "Singulare autem et atrox fuit apud Canadenses populos illius Iroquae dictum" (Jer. Jac. Oberlinus, Caius Cornelius Tacitus [...] Tomus quartus',' Paris, 1824, p. 303)
    • "Americani Missionarii a sedibus Iroquorum daemones feliciter disturbant" (Annales ecclesiastici post cardinalem baronium [...] Tomus tertius, Paris, 1666, in the index at the end of the book)
    • "In ejusdem rei terimonium Anglo-Americani ab ingenioso satis auctore advocantur. Hi, ait, et colore corporis crinibusque, et faciei lineamentis mirum quantum Aboriginibus telluris jam accesserunt. Carolinae et Georgiae incolas paululum admodum a fulva Iroquorum cute distare refert." (Disputatio inauguralis de generis humani varietate, Edinburgh/Edinburg (in Latin Edinburgum), 1808, p. 73)
    • "Radices Verborum Iroquaeorum / Radical words of the Mohawk language, with their derivatives" (book title, published in New-York in 1862), contains Latin text, English text and French translations of words. (The English title could implay that Iroquaeorum means Mohawk, but the titles aren't literal translation of each other, and as a Latin word for Mohawk could have been missing or uncommon, the author could have decided to use the more general term Iroquaeorum.)
    • "... sund Hurrones, Huttentoti, Iroquaei, Laponii, aliique Africae, Americae, & Locorum polarium incolae." (Summa philosophica ad mentem angelici doctoris [...] Tom. VI., 1788, p. 204)
    • "In pago Ossernenon nationis Iroquaeae in boreali America" (Acta apostolicae sedis, 1943, www.vatican.va/archive/aas/documents/AAS-35-1943-ocr.pdf)
    • "quos barbari Iroquaei", "quod victores Iroquaei", and "idioma Iroquaeum" (in Latin texts, but in google snippets of books with English titles)
  • irvinensis
  • iu - an interjection of joy like io. If attestable. It's mentioned in older grammars, but isn't mentioned in younger dictionaries. As there are Latin io (i.e. iō) and Greek ἰώ, ἰού, there could be a Latin iu and may it be in older editions.
    In a Latin text, a translation of Aristophanes' work, though it could be New Latin and another term: "STREPSIADES. Io, io, gnate mi, iu, iu! ut laetor ..."
  • -ios - Old Latin etymon of -ius

J, K[edit]

  • Japones, "Totum contra est apud Chinenses et Japones" (books.google.de/books?id=Wn4-AAAAcAAJ&pg=PA259), should mean Japanese (persons)", singular could be "Japo", "Japon", "Japonis".
    • There is already iaponus so not sure if this should just be regarded as an informal / erroneous use?
  • Juverna, Iuverna: a name for Ireland; see Juverna

L[edit]

  • leucospoides in taxonomy
  • Lagenia
  • lampō, lampāre (Late Latin) < lampas
  • laophorium - a bus (λεωφορείο), as in [2] - we have laophoron SemperBlotto 21:40, 22 April 2011 (UTC)[reply]
  • legitimo (Verb) - (Sp. verb in entry) - Medieval Latin - not in Souter's Glossary of Late Latin to 600 A.D.
  • lenculus - meaning a 'whelp' as in "Quare mater tua leaena inter leones cubavit? in medio leunculorum enutrivit catulos suos?" (Latin bible Ezekiel chapter 19 verse 2)
    • The citation has leunculorum, from leunculus (not lenculus), in dictionaries "lëunculus" or "lĕuncŭlus" (no diphthong)
  • leontopodium — Whence the genus epithet Leontopodium; also called (in Latin) brūmāria [sc. herba].
  • lepturus as in Buccochromis lepturus (note Lepturus is a genus of grass)
  • lithophyta — Modern Latin; see lithophyta#English. See also w:Vermes.
  • lithophyton — Modern Latin; see lithophyton#English
  • livius - from livor#la post-Classical, fairly widely used as a specific epithet in a three genders.
  • lo, claimed to be medieval Vulgar Latin, bluelinked because of other languages
    • now claimed to be Old French ("Deus lo vult (Old French)"), though in other wikipedias it's still claimed to be some form of Latin. Deus and lo have Old French entries while voloir has a note about the conjugation. [3] has it as "Deus lo volt" (without identification of the language). Conrad von Orelli's Old French grammar mentions volt as form of voloir and has examples in which the words volt and vult occur.
  • locabilia - post-Classical, used from at least 15th century onward in astronomical, philosophical, and theological texts: seems to mean "portable"?
    • locō + -ābilis, which literally would be place-able, put-able, set-able, dispose-able? From older dictionaries: "Locabilis, e, verpachtbar", "locabilis, e, das zu verpachten ist", "verpachten, locare [...] das zu verpachten ist, locabilis, e". That is loan-able, lend-able. Also in an older one "†Locabilis, e. Adj. das da kan gesetzt oder an einem Ort gebracht werden. item das zu verpachten oder auszustatten ist. Cic." having both meanings.
  • lupuletum - Source: http://www.woerterbuchnetz.de/cgi-bin/WBNetz/wbgui_py?sigle=DWB&lemid=GH12292
  • *lībellus m - from the etymology of niveau

M[edit]

N[edit]

O[edit]

P[edit]

Q[edit]

R[edit]

S[edit]

T[edit]

U[edit]

  • ulinam
  • Ultrajectum - Utrecht (city); presumably from uls (beyond) + Traiectum, the Roman Empire's fort on a branch of the Rhine that the city was built around (see traiectus (crossing)).— Pingkudimmi 09:42, 22 May 2019 (UTC)[reply]
  • Uox meaning voice (the same as vox), used by Virgil in the Aeneid, Book 2 line 774 (the line is "obstipui, steteruntue comae et uox faucibus haesit")
  • undelibet - from whereever you will, from whichever place

V[edit]

X, Y, Z[edit]