dash

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dash (plural dashes)

  1. (typography) Any of the following symbols: (figure dash), (en dash), (em dash), or (horizontal bar).
    sometimes dash is also used colloquially to refer to a hyphen or minus sign.
  2. A short run.
  3. A small quantity of a liquid substance; less than 1/8 of a teaspoon.
    Add a dash of vinegar
  4. Vigor.
    Aren't we full of dash this morning?
  5. A dashboard.
  6. One of the two symbols of Morse code.
  7. (Nigeria) A bribe or gratuity.
    • 1992, George B. N. Ayittey, Africa betrayed (page 44)
      The traditional practice of offering gifts or "dash" to chiefs has often been misinterpreted by scholars to provide a cultural explanation for the pervasive incidence of bribery and corruption in modern Africa.
    • 2006, Adiele Eberechukwu Afigbo, The Abolition of the Slave Trade in Southeastern Nigeria, 1885-1950 (page 99)
      Writing in 1924 on a similar situation in Ugep, the political officer, Mr. S. T. Harvey noted: "In the old days there was no specified dowry but merely dashes given to the father-in-law []
    • 2008, Lizzie Williams, Nigeria: The Bradt Travel Guide (page 84)
      The only other times you'll be asked for a dash is from beggars.
  8. (obsolete, euphemistic) A stand-in for a censored word, like "Devil" or "damn". (Compare deuce.)
    • 1824, "Kiddywinkle History, No. II", Blackwood's Magazine (15, May 1824) p. 540
      I'll be dashed if I gan another step for less 'an oaf.
    • 1853, William Makepeace Thackery, The Newcomes, Chapter VI, serialized in Harper's New Monthly Magazine, (VIII, no. 43, Dec 1853) p. 118
      Sir Thomas looks as if to ask what the dash is that to you! but wanting still to go to India again, and knowing how strong the Newcomes are in Leadenhall Street, he thinks it necessary to be civil to the young cub, and swallows his pride once more into his waistband.
      Comment: Some editions leave this passage out. Of those that include it, some change the 'you!' to 'you?'.
    • 1884, Lord Robert Gower, My Reminiscences, reprinted in "The Evening Lamp", The Christian Union, (29) 22, (May 29, 1884) p. 524
      Who the dash is this person whom none of us know? and what the dash does he do here?
    • 1939, P. G. Wodehouse, Uncle Fred in the Springtime Chapter 8
      I'll be dashed if I squash in with any domestic staff.

Hyponyms[edit]

Hypernyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Punctuation

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

dash (third-person singular simple present dashes, present participle dashing, simple past and past participle dashed)

  1. (intransitive) To run quickly or for a short distance.
    He dashed across the field.
  2. (intransitive, informal) To leave or depart.
    I have to dash now. See you soon.
  3. (transitive) To destroy by striking (against).
    He dashed the bottle against the bar and turned about to fight.
    • 1897, Bram Stoker, Dracula Chapter 21
      "`Silence! If you make a sound I shall take him and dash his brains out before your very eyes.'
    • 1912: Edgar Rice Burroughs, Tarzan of the Apes, Chapter 4
      Kala was the youngest mate of a male called Tublat, meaning broken nose, and the child she had seen dashed to death was her first; for she was but nine or ten years old.
  4. (transitive) To throw violently.
    The man was dashed from the vehicle during the accident.
    • Francis Bacon
      If you dash a stone against a stone in the bottom of the water, it maketh a sound.
  5. (transitive) To sprinkle; to splatter.
    • Thomson
      On each hand the gushing waters play, / And down the rough cascade all dashing fall.
  6. (transitive, of hopes or dreams) To ruin; to destroy.
    Her hopes were dashed when she saw the damage.
    • 2011 September 13, Sam Lyon, “Borussia Dortmund 1 - 1 Arsenal”, BBC:
      Arsenal's hopes of starting their Champions League campaign with an away win were dashed when substitute Ivan Perisic's superb late volley rescued a point for Borussia Dortmund.
  7. (transitive) To dishearten; to sadden.
    Her thoughts were dashed to melancholy.
  8. (transitive) To complete hastily, usually with down or off.
    He dashed down his eggs, she dashed off her homework
  9. To draw quickly; jot.
    • 1922, Virginia Woolf, Jacob's Room Chapter 1
      "Scarborough," Mrs. Flanders wrote on the envelope, and dashed a bold line beneath; it was her native town; the hub of the universe.
  10. To throw in or on in a rapid, careless manner; to mix, reduce, or adulterate, by throwing in something of an inferior quality; to overspread partially; to bespatter; to touch here and there.
    to dash wine with water; to dash paint upon a picture
    • Addison
      I take care to dash the character with such particular circumstance as may prevent ill-natured applications.
    • Tennyson
      The very source and fount of day / Is dashed with wandering isles of night.

Translations[edit]

Interjection[edit]

dash

  1. (euphemistic) Damn!

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Albanian *dauša, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeusóm (compare English deer, Lithuanian daũsos ‘upper air; heaven’).

Noun[edit]

dash m (indefinite plural desh)

  1. ram (male sheep)
Related terms[edit]

Norwegian[edit]

Noun[edit]

dash

  1. dash