سفید

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Persian[edit]

Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fa

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier سپید(sapêd), from Middle Persian spyt' (spēd, white), from Proto-Iranian *cwaytáh (compare Avestan 𐬯𐬞𐬀𐬉𐬙𐬀(spaēta, white), Sogdian [script needed] (ʾspʾyt)), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ćwaytás (compare Sanskrit श्वेत (śvetá, white, bright)), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱweytós (bright; shine) (compare Old Church Slavonic свѣтъ (světŭ), Old English hwīt (white)).

Borrowed from Iranian: Old Armenian սպիտակ (spitak), սպետ (spet), սպիտ (spit); Old Georgian სპეტაკი (sṗeṭaḳi), სპეტი (sṗeṭi), Georgian სუფთა (supta), Arabic سِبِيدَاج(sibīdāj), Ottoman Turkish اوستبج(üstübec), استوبج(üstübec).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

Dari سفید
Iranian Persian
Tajik сафед (safed)

سفید (safêd)

  1. white
  2. fair
  3. pale
  4. clear

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

Colors in Persian · رنگ‌ها(rang-hâ) (layout · text)
     سفید (sefid)      خاکستری(xâkestari), توسی(tusi)      سیاه(siyâh), مشکی(meški)
             سرخ(sorx), قرمز‎(qermez); زرشکی(zereški)              نارنجی(nârenji); قهوه‌ای(qahve'i), بور(bur)              زرد(zard); كرم(kerem)
             مغزپسته‌ای(mağzpeste'i)              سبز(sabz)             
             آبى دريايى(âbi-ye daryâyi); سبز دودى(sabz-e dudi), فیروزه‌ای(firuze-i)              لاجوردى(lâjvardi)              آبی(âbi)
             بنفش(banafš); نيلى(nili)              سرخابى(sorxâbi); ارغوانی(arğavâni)              صورتى(surati)

References[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1979), “սպիտակ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), volume IV, 2nd edition, a reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, pages 264–265
  • Horn, Paul (1893) Grundriss der neupersischen Etymologie (in German), Strasbourg: K.J. Trübner, § 708, page 157
  • Hübschmann, Heinrich (1897) Armenische Grammatik. 1. Theil: Armenische Etymologie (in German), Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, page 240
  • MacKenzie, D. N. (1971), “spēd”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press

Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Classical Persian سفید(safed).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

سفید (safed) (Hindi spelling सफ़ेद)

  1. white
  2. clean
  3. blank

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Colors in Urdu · رنگ(raṅg) (layout · text)
     سفید (safed)      سرمئی(sarmaī), دھوسر(dhūsar)      کالا(kālā), سیاہ(siyāh)
             سرخ(surx), لال(lāl)              مالٹا(mālṭā), نارنجی(nāranjī); بھورا(bhūrā), بادامی(bādāmī)              پیلا(pīlā)
             پستہ(pistah), انگوری(aṅgūrī), دھانی(dhānī)              سبز(sabaz), ہرا(harā)             
             فیروزی(ferozī)              آسمانی(āsmānī)              نیلا(nīlā)
             نیل(nīl)              جامنی(jāmnī)              گلابی(gulābī)

Further reading[edit]

  • Qureshi, Bashir Ahmad (1971), “سفيد”, in Kitabistan's 20th Century Standard Dictionary‎, Lahore: Kitabistan Pub. Co., page 380
  • سفید”, in Rekhta Dictionary [Urdu dictionary with meanings in Hindi & English], Noida, India: Rekhta Foundation, 2022.