سفید

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Persian[edit]

Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fa

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier سپید (sapêd), from Middle Persian spyt' (spēd, white), from Old Iranian *spaita-, from Proto-Iranian (compare Avestan 𐬯𐬞𐬀𐬉𐬙𐬀 (spaēta, white), Sogdian ʾspʾyt), from Proto-Indo-Iranian (compare Sanskrit श्वेत (śvetá, white, bright)), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱweytos (bright; shine) (compare Old Church Slavonic свѣтъ (světŭ), Old English hwīt (white)).

Borrowed from Iranian: Old Armenian սպիտակ (spitak), սպետ (spet), սպիտ (spit); Old Georgian სპეტაკი (sṗeṭaḳi), სპეტი (sṗeṭi), Georgian სუფთა (supta), Arabic [script needed] (asfīdaj), Ottoman Turkish [script needed] (üstübej).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

Dari سفید
Iranian Persian سفید
Tajik сафед (safed)

سفید (sefid)

  1. white
  2. fair
  3. pale
  4. clear

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

Colors in Persian · رنگ‌ها (rang-hâ) (layout · text)
     سرخ (sorx)      سبز (sabz)      زرد (zard)      كرم (krem)      سفید (sefid)
     زرشکی (zereški)      سرخابى (sorxâbi)      سبز دودى (sabz-e dudi)      مغزپسته‌ای (mağzpeste'i)      صورتى (surati)
     نيلى (nili)      آبی (âbi)      نارنجی (nârenji)      خاکستری (xâkestari),
توسی (tusi)
     بنفش (banafš)
     سیاه (siyâh)      ارغوانی (arğavâni)      قهوه‌ای (qahve'i),
بور (bur)
     لاجوردى (lâjvardi)      آبى دريايى (âbi-ye daryâyi)

References[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1979), “սպիտակ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume IV, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, pages 264–265
  • Horn, Paul (1893) Grundriss der neupersischen Etymologie (in German), Strasbourg: K.J. Trübner, § 708, page 157
  • Hübschmann, Heinrich (1897) Armenische Grammatik. 1. Theil: Armenische Etymologie (in German), Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, page 240
  • MacKenzie, D. N. (1971), “spēd”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press

Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian سفید

Adjective[edit]

سفید (safed) — Hindi spelling: सफ़ेद (safed)

  1. white
  2. clean
  3. blank

Derived terms[edit]