فطر

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See also: قطرand فطز

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ف ط ر (f-ṭ-r). Cognate to Hebrew פָטַר (pāṭar, to set free, to let out, to release, to dismiss), Aramaic פָטַר (pāṭar, to cleave, to separate, to free, to discharge), Aramaic פְטַר (pəṭar, to free, to release, to dismiss), Classical Syriac ܦܛܰܪ (pṭar, to leave, to desist from; to shoot out; to separate, to dissolve; to dismiss), Ugaritic 𐎔𐎉𐎗 (pṭr, to split), hypercorrected Ugaritic 𐎔𐎑𐎗 (pẓr, to free, to loosen, to let go), Akkadian [script needed] (DUḪ /paṭāru/, to loosen, to detach; to relax, to slacken; to release, to let free; to disperse), and Ge'ez ፈጠረ (fäṭärä, to carve; to feign; to create) which has been borrowed into a second فَطَرَ (faṭara).

Verb[edit]

فَطَرَ (faṭara) I, non-past يَفْطُرُ‎ (yafṭuru)

  1. to rip apart, to rend the seam, to cleave, to break apart, to crack
  2. to split open, to cut open, to slit open, to crack
  3. to lance, to lacerate, to gash, to cut, to make an incision
Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

فَطَرَ (faṭara) I, non-past يَفْطُرُ‎ (yafṭuru)

  1. to breakfast, to have breakfast
Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

فَطْر (faṭrm (plural فُطُور (fuṭūr))

  1. verbal noun of فَطَرَ (faṭara) (form I)
  2. crack, fissure, rift, rupture, cleavage
Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

فِطْر (fiṭrm

  1. breaking of the fast
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

فُطْر (fuṭrm (collective, singulative فُطْرَة (fuṭra))

  1. fungi, mushrooms
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Ge'ez ፈጠረ (fäṭärä). Doublet of of the former فَطَرَ (faṭara) for the Ethiopic one is cognate.

Verb[edit]

فَطَرَ (faṭara) I, non-past يَفْطُرُ‎ (yafṭuru)

  1. to shape, to make, to form, to create, to fashion, to compose, to bring forth
    Synonyms: بَرَأَ (baraʾa), خَلَقَ (ḵalaqa), أَحْدَثَ (ʾaḥdaṯa)
  2. (with عَلَى) to endow
Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

فَطْر (faṭrm

  1. verbal noun of فَطَرَ (faṭara) (form I)
Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

فِطَر (fiṭarf pl

  1. plural of فِطْرَة (fiṭra, nature, disposition, constitution, temperament, instinct)

References[edit]

  • Freytag, Georg (1835), “فطر”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 3, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 357
  • Nöldeke, Theodor (1910) Neue Beiträge zur semitischen Sprachwissenschaft[1] (in German), Straßburg: Karl J. Trübner, page 49
  • Schwally, Friedrich (1899), “Lexikalische Studien. (Fortsetzung.)”, in Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft[2], volume 53, page 201