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Classical Syriac[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *qarn-. Compare Akkadian 𒋛 (qarnu [SI]), Arabic قَرْن (qarn), Hebrew קֶרֶן (qéren), and Ugaritic 𐎖𐎗𐎐 (qrn).


  • IPA(key): [qarnɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [qarne(ʔ)], [qarnɑθɑ(ʔ)] (plural)


ܩܪܢܐ (qarnāf (plural ܩܪܢܬܐ or ܩܪܢܐ)

  1. (animal anatomy) horn, antler; claw (of a crab)
  2. (music) horn, trumpet
  3. horn-shaped jar, phial
  4. (anatomy) cornea
  5. corn, horny excrescence
  6. (geometry) angle, corner
  7. (architecture) wing (of building)
  8. (military) wing (of army)
  9. extreme part
  10. top, peak, summit
  11. end, border
  12. arm, armrest
  13. (business, finance) capital
  14. power
  15. pride
  16. (orthography) projection, tittle, hook (of a letter)
  17. (botany) dittany
  18. kind of measure (equalling 12 pints)
Usage notes[edit]

Usually, the plural ܩܪܢܐ (qarnēʾ) is used for literal senses while ܩܪܢܬܐ (qarnāṯāʾ) is used for figurative senses.


Etymology 2[edit]

From Persian قران (qirān).


  • IPA(key): [q(ə)rɑnɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [q(ə)rɑne(ʔ)] (plural)


ܩܪܢܐ (transliteration neededm (plural ܩܪܢܐ)

  1. qiran, kran
  2. franc


  • qrn”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français : Syriac–English Dictionary, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, p. 331a
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, p. 520a
  • Sokoloff, Michael (2009) A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, p. 1412b-1413a