幸せ

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
しあわ
Grade: 3
kun’yomi
Alternative spellings

仕合せ
仕合わせ
倖せ

Etymology[edit]

The 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 為合わす, 仕合わす (shiawasu, to put together well; to work together well, lower bigrade, with continuative form ending in -e), itself a compound of Old Japanese verbs (su, to do, to make something be a certain way) + 合わす (awasu, to join together, to fit together).[1][2]

Often spelled 幸せ with the final to indicate the reading.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

(しあわ) (shiawaseしあはせ (siafase)? -na (adnominal (しあわ) (shiawase na), adverbial (しあわ) (shiawase ni))

  1. happy
  2. fortunate, lucky

Inflection[edit]

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

(しあわ) (shiawaseしあはせ (siafase)?

  1. a moment when circumstances come together: fate, opportunity (used to indicate both good and bad instances)
    Synonyms: 運命 (unmei, fate), 機会 (kikai, opportunity)
  2. happiness
    Synonym: 幸福 (kōfuku)
  3. good fortune, good luck
    Synonyms: 幸い (saiwai), 幸運 (kōun)
  4. circumstances, the flow of events
    Synonym: 経緯 (ikisatsu)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN