幸い

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See also: 辛い

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
さいわ
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

/sakipapi//sakiɸaɸi//sakiwahi//sakiwai//saiwai/

Derived from sakiwai below.[1][2]

More often spelled as 幸い with the final to indicate the reading.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

幸い (-na inflection, hiragana さいわい, romaji saiwai, historical hiragana さいはひ)

  1. very fortunate and happy, especially as bestowed by gods, spirits, buddhas, or other entities
  2. favorable, ideal (often used in polite constructions)
    返事 (へんじ)をいただければ (さいわ)です。
    Ohenji o itadakereba saiwai desu.
    It would be favorable if I could have your reply. → I would greatly appreciate your reply.
Conjugation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

幸い (hiragana さいわい, romaji saiwai, historical hiragana さいはひ)

  1. fortunately, luckily, happily
     (さいわい)怪我 (けが)はなかった。
    Saiwai, kega wa nakatta.
    Luckily, no one was hurt.
Usage notes[edit]

When used as an adverb without a particle, this term usually comes at the start of the sentence. It also appears used with advervial particles (ni) and (to), or, perhaps more commonly, in an adverbial construction as 幸なことに.

Noun[edit]

幸い (hiragana さいわい, romaji saiwai, historical hiragana さいはひ)

  1. very good fortune and happiness, especially as bestowed by gods, spirits, buddhas, or other entities
  2. an occurrence of good luck or good fortune
  3. (derivation unknown) the tail and back fins of a carp or other fish, as used in cooking
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
さきわ
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

/sakipapi//sakiɸaɸi//sakiwahi//sakiwai/

The 連用形(ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 幸う(sakiwau, to meet with good fortune; to prosper), itself a compound of (saki, good fortune, happiness) +‎ 這う(hau, to spread out widely).[1]

More often spelled as 幸い with the final to indicate the reading.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

幸い (hiragana さきわい, romaji sakiwai, historical hiragana さきはひ)

  1. (obsolete) an occurrence of good luck or good fortune
  2. (obsolete) good luck or good fortune itself
Usage notes[edit]

Obsolete in modern Japanese, replaced by saiwai above.

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
さちわ
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

/sat͡ɕipapi//sat͡ɕiɸaɸi//sat͡ɕiwahi//sat͡ɕiwai/

The 連用形(ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 幸う(sachiwau, to meet with good fortune; to prosper), itself a compound of (sachi, good fortune, happiness) +‎ 這う(hau, to spread out widely).[1]

More often spelled as 幸い with the final to indicate the reading.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

幸い (hiragana さちわい, romaji sachiwai, historical hiragana さちはひ)

  1. (obsolete, rare) an occurrence of good luck or good fortune
  2. (obsolete, rare) good luck or good fortune itself
Usage notes[edit]

Obsolete in modern Japanese, replaced by saiwai above. In historical Japanese, sachiwai appears to be a rarer variant of sakiwai above.

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9