assay

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English assay (noun) and assayen (verb), from Anglo-Norman assai (noun) and Anglo-Norman assaier (verb), from Old French essai. Doublet of essay.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈæseɪ/, /əˈseɪ/
    • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪ

Noun[edit]

assay (plural assays)

  1. Trial, attempt.
  2. Examination and determination; test.
  3. The qualitative or quantitative chemical analysis of something.
  4. Trial by danger or by affliction; adventure; risk; hardship; state of being tried.
  5. Tested purity or value.
  6. The act or process of ascertaining the proportion of a particular metal in an ore or alloy; especially, the determination of the proportion of gold or silver in bullion or coin.
  7. The alloy or metal to be assayed.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Ure to this entry?)

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

assay (third-person singular simple present assays, present participle assaying, simple past and past participle assayed)

  1. (transitive) To attempt (something). [from 14th c.]
  2. (archaic, intransitive) To try, attempt (to do something). [14th-19th c.]
    • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, Acts IX:
      When Saul cam to Jerusalem he assayde to cople hymsilfe with the apostles, and they wer all afrayde of hym and beleved not that he was a disciple.
  3. (transitive) To analyze or estimate the composition or value of (a metal, ore etc.). [from 15th c.]
  4. (obsolete, transitive) To test the abilities of (someone) in combat; to fight. [15th-17th c.]
  5. To affect.
  6. To try tasting, as food or drink.

Translations[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Anglo-Norman assai, from Late Latin exagium.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

assay (plural assayes)

  1. Examining; investigation, looking into, research:
    1. Trialling, assaying; the ensuring of quality (usually of a substance, but also of a document)
    2. The trial or testing of one's personality or personal qualities.
    3. An attack (as a trial of one's mettle or ability on the battlefield)
    4. The trialling of comestibles or nourishments (mostly in ceremony)
  2. A try or effort towards something.
  3. (rare) Facts in support in assertion; evidence.
  4. (rare) One's personality; the nature of something or someone.
  5. (rare) A deed, action or doing; an endeavour or business.
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • English: assay, say
  • Scots: assay, say, sey
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

assay

  1. Alternative form of assayen