cloaca

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See also: cloacă and clóáca

English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin cloāca ‎(sewer), from cluō ‎(cleanse; purge).[1]

Noun[edit]

cloaca ‎(plural cloacas or cloacae)

  1. A sewer (also in figurative senses).
    • 1773, Gentleman's Magazine, No. 43, p. 598:
      The Thames, polluted with the filthy effusions of the cloacae.
    • 1850, Thomas Carlyle, Latter-day Pamphlets, Ch. iv, p. 46:
    • ...that tremendous cloaca of Pauperism...
  2. (zoology) The duct in reptiles, amphibians and birds, as well as most fish and some mammals, which serves as the common outlet for urination, defecation, and reproduction.
    • 1822, John Mason Good, The Study of Medicine, Vol. I, p. 7:
      In birds the rectum, at the termination of its canal, forms an oval or elongated pouch... and then expands into a cavity, which has been named cloaca.
  3. An outhouse or lavatory.
    • 1840, Frederick Marryat, Olla Podrida, Ch. xxiv:
      To every house... a cloaca.
  4. (anatomy) A duct through which gangrenous material escapes a body.
    • 1846, Frederick Brittan translating Joseph François Malgaigne as Manual of Operative Surgery, p. 172
      Across this shell [sc. of bone] small holes are eaten, by which the matter escapes, and which are called cloacae (Weidmann).

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Oxford English Dictionary. "cloaca, n." Oxford University Press (Oxford), 1891.

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin cloaca. Cognate to the inherited doublet chiavica.

Noun[edit]

cloaca f ‎(plural cloache)

  1. sewer
  2. cesspit, cesspool
  3. (anatomy) cloaca

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From cluō ‎(cleanse).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cloāca f ‎(genitive cloācae); first declension

  1. A sewer or underground drain
  2. (humorous) The stomach of a drunken or voracious woman

Inflection[edit]

First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative cloāca cloācae
genitive cloācae cloācārum
dative cloācae cloācīs
accusative cloācam cloācās
ablative cloācā cloācīs
vocative cloāca cloācae

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • cloaca in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • cloaca in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • CLOACA in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • cloaca in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • cloaca in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cloaca f (plural cloacas)

  1. (anatomy) cloaca (excretory and genital duct in bird, reptiles and fish)

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin cloāca ‎(sewer), from cluō ‎(cleanse).

Noun[edit]

cloaca f ‎(plural cloacas)

  1. sewer, storm drain
  2. (zoology) cloaca