macula

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See also: Macula and mácula

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
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Illustration showing parts of the human eye, including the macula.

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English macula (spot on the skin or in the eye), borrowed from Latin macula (spot, stain). Doublet of macchia.

Noun[edit]

macula (plural maculas or maculae)

  1. (anatomy) An oval yellow spot near the center of the retina of the human eye, histologically defined as having two or more layers of ganglion cells, responsible for detailed central vision.
  2. (anatomy, biology) A small chamber of the inner ear of certain vertebrates filled with endolymph and containing an otolith.
  3. A spot, as on the skin, or on the surface of the sun or of some other luminous orb.
  4. A rather large spot or blotch of color.
  5. In planetary geology, an unusually dark area on the surface of a planet or moon.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Verb[edit]

macula

  1. third-person singular present indicative form of macular
  2. second-person singular imperative form of macular

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Verb[edit]

macula

  1. third-person singular past historic of maculer

Italian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin macula, whence also the inherited doublet macchia.

Noun[edit]

macula f (plural macule)

  1. (anatomy, astronomy, geology) macula
  2. stain, blot
  3. (pathology) macule blotch

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *smatlom, from Proto-Indo-European *smh₂-tló-m (possibly meaning “wiping”); related to Ancient Greek σμάω (smáō, I wipe clean, cleanse).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

macula f (genitive maculae); first declension

  1. in a bad sense
    1. (literally and in general) a spot, speck, small mark or stain
      1. (literally and in particular) a disfiguring spot, stain, or blemish
        1. (on the skin) a blemish, temporary or permanent (for example, a bruise, freckle, mole, birthmark, etc.)
        2. (on a garment) a stain, an area of soiling or defilement
    2. (figuratively) a fault or blemish, a blot on one’s character
    3. (transferred sense) a mark of shame or disgrace; a stigma, brand, or blight
  2. in a neutral sense
    1. any kind of marking or point of variegation; a speckle, spot, patch, line, or similar
      1. on the skin or coat of an animal
      2. on the leaves of a plant
    2. (transferred sense) a mesh in a net, a cell in a network, or a hole in a web
      1. (Medieval Latin, in particular) a cell in a coat of mail, a ring of chainmail
      2. (Medieval Latin, transferred sense) a link in a chain

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative macula maculae
Genitive maculae maculārum
Dative maculae maculīs
Accusative maculam maculās
Ablative maculā maculīs
Vocative macula maculae

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Vulgar Latin: *macla
Borrowings

References[edit]

  • măcŭla”, in Charlton T[homas] Lewis; Charles [Lancaster] Short (1879) [] A New Latin Dictionary [], New York, N.Y.; Cincinnati, Ohio; Chicago, Ill.: American Book Company; Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • macula”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • macula in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • măcŭla in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette, page 935/2
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to blot out a reproach: maculam (conceptam) delere, eluere
    • (ambiguous) to sully one's fair fame: vitae splendori(em) maculas(is) aspergere
  • macula” on pages 1,058–1,059 of the Oxford Latin Dictionary (1st ed., 1968–82)
  • Niermeyer, Jan Frederik (1976), “macula, macla”, in Mediae Latinitatis Lexicon Minus, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 624/1
  • de Vaan, Michiel, Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, vol. 7 of Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series, Alexander Lubotsky ed., Leiden: Brill, 2008.

Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin macula. Doublet of mayle.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

macula (plural maculas)

  1. (Late Middle English, rare) A lesion on the eye or skin.

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

macula

  1. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present indicative of macular
  2. second-person singular (tu, sometimes used with você) affirmative imperative of macular

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin maculare or French maculer.

Verb[edit]

a macula (third-person singular present maculează, past participle maculat1st conj.

  1. to mark, to spoil

Conjugation[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

macula

  1. inflection of macular:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative