schwimmen

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See also: Schwimmen

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German swimmen, from Old High German swimman, from Proto-West Germanic *swimman, from Proto-Germanic *swimmaną. Compare Low German swimmen, Dutch zwemmen, English swim, Danish svømme.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈʃvɪmən/, [ˈʃvɪ.mm̩]
  • Hyphenation: schwim‧men
  • (file)
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

schwimmen (class 3 strong, third-person singular present schwimmt, past tense schwamm or (archaic) schwomm, past participle geschwommen, past subjunctive schwämme or schwömme, auxiliary sein or haben)

  1. (intransitive) to swim (to move through the water using swimming motions) [auxiliary sein]
  2. (intransitive) to swim (for pleasure, as a sport, etc.) [auxiliary sein or haben]
  3. (intransitive, transitive) to swim (a certain distance) [auxiliary haben or sein]
  4. (intransitive) to transport by floating [auxiliary haben]
  5. (intransitive) to float, to be floating [auxiliary haben or (more rarely) sein]
  6. (intransitive) to float (somewhere), to move (somewhere) by floating [auxiliary sein]
  7. (intransitive) to be doused or covered in liquid [auxiliary haben]
  8. (intransitive) to be swimming in (money, etc.) [auxiliary haben]
  9. (intransitive) to be moving in a blurry or indistinct fashion, to swim (in someone's vision) [auxiliary sein]
  10. (intransitive, colloquial) to lose control (of a situation) [auxiliary haben]

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • schwimmen” in Duden online
  • schwimmen” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache