From Scots stalwart, a variant of English stalworth (archaic or obsolete), from Middle English stal-worth (“physically strong, hardy, robust; brave, courageous”), from Old English stǣlwierþe (“able to stand in good stead, serviceable”), probably from staþol (“establishment; foundation”) (ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *steh₂- (“to stand (up)”)) or stǣl (“place; condition, stead”) + -wierþe (“suffix meaning ‘able to, capable of’”) (probably ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *wert- (“to rotate, turn”)).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈstɔːlwət/, /ˈstɒl-/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈstɔlwɚt/, /ˈstɑl-/
- Hyphenation: stal‧wart
- Firmly or solidly built.
1849, George Frederick Ruxton, chapter III, in Life in the Far West (Plains and Rockies; 175), Edinburgh; London: William Blackwood and Sons, OCLC 33260992, page 71:
- [A] stalwart leather-clad "boy," just returned from trapping on the waters of Grand River, on the western side the mountains, who interlards his mountain jargon with Spanish words picked up in Taos and California.
1870–1871, Mark Twain [pseudonym; Samuel Langhorne Clemens], chapter LVII, in Roughing It, Hartford, Conn.: American Publishing Company [et al.], published 1872, OCLC 275036, page 415:
- For observe, it was an assemblage of two hundred thousand young men—not simpering, dainty, kid-gloved weaklings, but stalwart, muscular, dauntless young braves, brimful of push and energy, and royally endowed with every attribute that goes to make up a peerless and magnificent manhood—the very pick and choice of the world's glorious ones.
1912 August, Willa Sibert Cather, “The Bohemian Girl”, in McClure’s Magazine, volume XXXIX, number 4, [New York, N.Y.]: McClure Publications, OCLC 19132586, chapter I, page 422:
- The driver was a stalwart woman who sat at ease in the front seat and drove her car bare-headed. She left a cloud of dust and a trail of gasoline behind her.
- (firmly or solidly built): firm, resilient, robust, stout, strong; see also Thesaurus:strapping
- (courageous): bold, brave, courageous, daring, valiant; see also Thesaurus:brave
- (firmly or solidly built): feeble, flimsy, soft, weak; see also Thesaurus:weak
- (bold): cowardly, gutless (informal), spineless; see also Thesaurus:cowardly
stalwart (plural stalwarts)
- One who has a strong build.
- One who firmly supports a cause.
- One who is dependable.
2017 October 14, Paul Doyle, “Mauricio Pellegrino yet to find attacking solution for stuttering Southampton: Nothing so far this season suggests the Argentinian will be more successful than Claude Puel in finding the answer to the club’s continuing lack of firepower”, in The Guardian, London, archived from the original on 10 November 2017:
- staluart, stalward, stalwarde, stalwairt, stallwart, stalouart, stalliard, stalawrt, stalowart, stallowart, stalluart