yeoman

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English yoman, yeman, from Old English *ġēamann (compare Old Frisian gāman(villager), Middle Dutch goymann(arbiter)), compound of , gēa(district, region) (in ælgē, Sūthrigēa), from Proto-Germanic *gawi (compare West Frisian gea, goa, Dutch gouw, German Gau) + mann(man).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

yeoman (plural yeomen)

  1. (UK) An official providing honorable service in a royal or high noble household, ranking between a squire and a page. Especially, a Yeoman of the Guard, a member of a ceremonial bodyguard to the UK monarch (not to be confused with a Yeoman Warder).
  2. (US) A dependable, diligent, or loyal worker or someone who does a great service.
  3. (historical) A former class of small freeholders who farm their own land; a commoner of good standing.
  4. A subordinate, deputy, aide, or assistant.
  5. A Yeoman Warder.
  6. A clerk in the US navy, and US Coast Guard.
  7. (nautical) In a vessel of war, the person in charge of the storeroom.
  8. A member of the Yeomanry Cavalry officially chartered in 1794 originating around the 1760s.
  9. A member of the Imperial Yeomanry officially created in 1890s and renamed in 1907.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Robert K. Barnhart, ed., Chambers Dictionary of Etymology, s.v. “yeoman” (Edinburgh: Chambers, [2008], c1988), 1253.
  2. ^ American Heritage Dictionary, 4th edn., s.v. “yeoman”.

See also[edit]