根本

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
こん
Grade: 3
ほん > ぽん
Grade: 1
on'yomi

Noun[edit]

根本 (hiragana こんぽん, romaji konpon)

  1. foundation, basis
  2. root, origin

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
もと
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Proper noun[edit]

根本 (hiragana ねもと, romaji Nemoto)

  1. A surname​.

Mandarin[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin gēnběn
Zhuyin ㄍㄣ ㄅㄣˇ
IPA (key) /kən⁵⁵ pən²¹⁴⁻²¹⁽⁴⁾/
Audio
(file)

Adjective[edit]

根本 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin gēnběn)

  1. fundamental; basic; essential
    我們國家根本問題我們教學系統。 (trad.)
    我们国家根本问题我们教学系统。 (simp.)
    The way I see it, our country's basic problem is our education system.

Adverb[edit]

根本 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin gēnběn)

  1. simply; absolutely; at all
    根本知道哪裡入手工作。 (trad.)
    根本知道哪里入手工作。 (simp.)
    He has absolutely no idea how to start looking for work.
  2. radically; thoroughly
    根本解決問題。 (trad.)
    根本解决问题。 (simp.)
    I'd like to settle this problem once and for all.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The adverb in Sense #1 is almost always followed by a negative expression.

Noun[edit]

根本 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin gēnběn)

  1. root; foundation; base; basis
    我們應該把握問題根本。 (trad.)
    我们应该把握问题根本。 (simp.)
    We should get to the root of the problem.

Derived terms[edit]