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Translingual[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  (shell, money) – valuable goods. 化 means “change”, so also connotation of “valuable goods that are exchanged, commodities”.

Han character[edit]

(radical 154 +4, 11 strokes, cangjie input 人心月山金 (OPBUC), four-corner 24806, composition)

  1. goods, commodities, products

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1205, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36678
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1667, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3627, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8CA8

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Jyutping fo3, Yale fo3)

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hwa) (hangeul , revised hwa, McCune-Reischauer hwa, Yale hwa)

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Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Pinyin huò (huo4), Wade-Giles huo4)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hóa, hoá)

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