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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 竹弓木 (HND), X竹弓木 (XHND), four-corner 22904)

  1. pear
  2. opera
  3. cut, slash

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 530, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14873
  • Dae Jaweon: page 918, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1215, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+68A8

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping lei4, Yale lei4)


Japanese[edit]

: the tree and the fruit
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. pear

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Japanese. Derivation unclear, with numerous theories. Two of the more common are given below.

May be originally a compound of (na, hypothesized root of modern naka, middle, center) +‎ 白い (shiro, white) in reference to the pale flesh of the fruit.
/na ɕiro/ > /naɕi/
Alternately, may be originally a compound of (na, hypothesized root of modern naka, middle, center) +‎ (su, sour, acidic) in reference to the way the flavor of the fruit becomes more astringent closer to the core.
/na su/ > /naɕi/

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana なし, katakana ナシ, romaji nashi)

  1. a pear tree
  2. a pear (the fruit)
  3. more specifically, the Japanese or Asian pear, Pyrus pyrifolia

Derived terms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms used in biology, this word is often seen spelled in katakana, as ナシ.


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ri>i) (hangeul [[>]], revised ri>i, McCune-Reischauer ri>i, Yale li>i)


Mandarin[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin
Zhuyin ㄌㄧˊ
IPA (key) /li³⁵/

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin (li2), (si4), Wade-Giles li2, ssu4)

  1. pear

Noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin )

  1. pear

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

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