crush

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English cruschen, crousshen, Old French cruisir, croissir, from Late Latin *cruscio, from Frankish *krostjan. Akin to Gothic 𐌺𐍂𐌿𐌹𐍃𐍄𐌰𐌽 (kruistan, to gnash), Old Swedish krusa, krosa "to crush", Middle Low German krossen (to break), Swedish krysta (to squeeze), Danish kryste, Icelandic kreysta.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

crush (plural crushes)

  1. A violent collision or compression; a crash; destruction; ruin.
    • Addison
      the wreck of matter, and the crush of worlds
  2. Violent pressure, as of a moving crowd; a crowd which produced uncomfortable pressure; as, a crush at a reception.
  3. A short-lived and unrequited love or infatuation; the object of this infatuation.
    • 2004, Chris Wallace, Character: Profiles in Presidential Courage
      It had taken nine years from the evening that Truman first showed up with a pie plate at her mother's door, but his dogged perseverance eventually won him the hand of his boyhood Sunday school crush.
  4. A violent crowding
  5. A crowd control barrier
  6. A standing stock or cage with movable sides used to restrain livestock for safe handling
  7. A party, festive function
  8. (Australia) The process of crushing cane to remove the raw sugar. The season that this process takes place in.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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Verb[edit]

crush (third-person singular simple present crushes, present participle crushing, simple past and past participle crushed)

  1. To press or bruise between two hard bodies; to squeeze, so as to destroy the natural shape or integrity of the parts, or to force together into a mass.
    to crush grapes
    Ye shall not offer unto the Lord that which is bruised, crushed, broken or cut. --Lev. xxii.
  2. To reduce to fine particles by pounding or grinding; to comminute.
    to crush quartz
    • 1912, Edgar Rice Burroughs, Tarzan of the Apes, Chapter 1
      With a wild scream he was upon her, tearing a great piece from her side with his mighty teeth, and striking her viciously upon her head and shoulders with a broken tree limb until her skull was crushed to a jelly.
  3. To overwhelm by pressure or weight; to beat or force down, as by an incumbent weight.
    After the corruption scandal, the opposition crushed the ruling party in the elections
  4. To oppress or burden grievously.
  5. To overcome completely; to subdue totally.
    The sultan's black guard crushed every resistance bloodily.
    • Sir Walter Scott
      speedily overtaking and crushing the rebels
  6. (intransitive) To be or become broken down or in, or pressed into a smaller compass, by external weight or force
    an eggshell crushes easily
  7. To feel infatuation with or unrequited love for.
    She's crushing on him.
  8. (sports) to defeat emphatically
    • 2011 November 11, Rory Houston, “Estonia 0-4 Republic of Ireland”, RTE Sport:
      A stunning performance from the Republic of Ireland all but sealed progress to Euro 2012 as they crushed nine-man Estonia 4-0 in the first leg of the qualifying play-off tie in A Le Coq Arena in Tallinn.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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