guru

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See also: Guru, gurú, gūru, and gurū

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Hindi गुरू (guru) / Urdu گرو (guru), from Sanskrit गुरु (gurú, venerable, respectable), originally "heavy" and in this sense cognate to English grieve. (A traditional etymology based on the Advaya Taraka Upanishad (line 16)[1] describes the syllables gu as 'darkness' and ru as 'destroyer', thus meaning "one who destroys/dispels darkness")

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈɡʊ.ɹuː/, /ˈɡuː.ɹuː/

Noun[edit]

guru (plural gurus)

  1. A Hindu or Sikh spiritual teacher. [from 17th c.]
    • 1817, William Ward, History, Literature and Religion of the Hindoos, vol II:
      When the gooroo arrives at the house of a disciple, the whole family prostrate themselves at his feet, and the spiritual guide puts his right foot on the heads of the prostrate family.
    • 2010, Wendy Shanker, The Guardian, 10 May 2010:
      Traditionally, a guru is a spiritual teacher who guides a student on the road to Enlightenment, or finding God.
  2. (sometimes humorous) An influential advisor or mentor. [from 20th c.]
    • 2004, ‘Vintage technology’, Time, 18 Oct 2004:
      Many oenophiles rely on the ratings and recommendations of wine guru Robert Parker when selecting the perfect bottle.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Advaya Taraka Upanishad(English Translation)", URL accessed on December 15, 2011.

Czech[edit]

Noun[edit]

guru m

  1. guru (spiritual teacher)
  2. guru (leader or expert in a field)

Finnish[edit]

Noun[edit]

guru

  1. A guru

Declension[edit]


French[edit]

Noun[edit]

guru m (plural gurus)

  1. Alternative spelling of gourou



Hausa[edit]

Noun[edit]

gūr̃ū m (plural guraye)

  1. A large leather belt, usually containing charms.

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English guru, from Hindi गुरू (gurū), from Sanskrit गुरु (guru, heavy).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡuru/
  • Hyphenation: guru

Noun[edit]

guru (plural guruk)

  1. guru

Declension[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Noun[edit]

guru

  1. A teacher

Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

guru m (invariable)

  1. A guru (religious or spiritual leader; influential person)

Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit गुरु (gurú)

Noun[edit]

guru

  1. educator, teacher, instructor

Mapudungun[edit]

A red fox (Vulpes vulpes).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

guru (using Raguileo Alphabet)

  1. A fox

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit गुरु (gurú)

Noun[edit]

guru m (indecl)

  1. guru

Portuguese[edit]

Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia pt

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit गुरु (gurú, venerable, respectable), originally "heavy", from Proto-Indo-European *gʷréh₂us.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

guru m (plural gurus)

  1. guru (spiritual teacher)

Noun[edit]

guru m f (plural gurus)

  1. guru (advisor, mentor)

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Noun[edit]

gȕru m (Cyrillic spelling гу̏ру)

  1. guru

Declension[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Hindi गुरू (guru) / Urdu گرو (guru), from Sanskrit गुरु (guru, venerable, respectable).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

guru m (genitive singular gurua, nominative plural guruovia), declension pattern chlap

  1. guru

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • guru in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk