尷尬

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Chinese[edit]

phonetic
trad. (尷尬)
simp. (尴尬)
alt. forms 尲尬 archaic
間架间架 Wu
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尷尬

Etymology[edit]

The original form, 尲尬 (OC *kreːm kreːds), was attested in the ancient dictionary of Shuowen [2nd century CE] and was discernibly an ideophonic, disyllabic word of reduplicative nature (連綿詞).

The term 尲尬 seemed to have fallen into disuse by medieval times, except dialectally, in the Wu region. The dialectal form of it was revived in literature in the form of 尷尬 since the Yuan dynasty, and the colloquial Mandarin pronunciation gāngà was borrowed thence.

Pronunciation[edit]


Adjective[edit]

尷尬

  1. (of a situation or person) awkward; embarrassing; uncomfortable
    尷尬場面 / 尴尬场面  ―  gāngà chǎngmiàn  ―  embarrassing scene
    尷尬出局 / 尴尬出局  ―  gāngà chūjú  ―  to be embarrassingly eliminated
  2. (of a person) embarrassed; uneasy; sheepish; flustered
    神情尷尬 / 神情尴尬  ―  shénqíng gāngà  ―  to have an embarrassed look
  3. (dated, of a person) unusual; sneaky; strange
  4. (Min Dong) impoverished; poor
  5. (Hakka) irresolute; unreasonable

Derived terms[edit]