座敷

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 6 Grade: S

Etymology[edit]

A compound of ‎(za, sitting) +‎ ‎(shiki, spreading, covering), the stem noun form of verb 敷く ‎(shiku, to spread or lay out on the floor or ground).

Japanese houses originally had wood floors, and mats or cushions called ‎(za) would be laid out (敷く ‎(shiku)) for sitting upon. Tatami () flooring did not become common until some time during the Muromachi Period, approximately 1337 to 1573.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

座敷 ‎(hiragana ざしき, romaji zashiki)

  1. a traditional Japanese-style room with tatami flooring, or in older times, with wood flooring and mats or cushions for sitting upon
  2. such a room used as a parlor to receive guests
  3. by extension from the meaning of entertaining guests:
    1. a seat at a feast or party
    2. an invitation to a feast or party
    3. a feast or party
    4. (euphemistic) used by geisha and other entertainers, meaning a customer or patron
    5. (Noh, archaic) the audience of a Noh performance

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]