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See also:
U+792B, 礫
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-792B

[U+792A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+792C]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
(extended)
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 112, +15, 20 strokes, cangjie input 一口女戈木 (MRVID), four-corner 12694, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 838, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24572
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1255, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2463, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+792B

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ŋraːwɢs, *raːwɢ, *ŋraːwɢ
*raːd, *raːwɢ, *reːwɢ
*pqʰlaːwɢ, *raːwɢ, *reːwɢ, *pqʰloːwɢ, *roːwɢ, *roːwɢ
*raːwɢ, *reːwɢ
*rawɢ, *reːwɢ
*qʰljawɢ
*qʰljawɢ
*lawɢ
*lawɢ, *reːwɢ
*lawɢ
*reːwɢ
*reːwɢ
*reːwɢ
*reːwɢ, *roːwɢ
*qʰloːwɢ, *qʰloːwɢ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *reːwɢ): semantic  (stone) + phonetic  (OC *ŋraːwɢs, *raːwɢ, *ŋraːwɢ)

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (127)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lek̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/lek̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/lɛk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lɛjk̚/
Li
Rong
/lek̚/
Wang
Li
/liek̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/liek̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ lek ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r]ˁewk/
English pebbles

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7685
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*reːwɢ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. gravel; pebbles; potsherds

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 卓礫卓砾.

Pronunciation 3[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Appearance of white stones/rocks.
    • Jiyun (集韻): 礫,白石皃。

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. pebble, stone

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
れき
Hyōgaiji
kan’on

From Middle Chinese (MC lek̚).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana れき, rōmaji reki)

  1. a small stone or pebble, especially one used for throwing
    Synonyms: 石塊 (ishikoro), 小石 (koishi)
  2. gravel

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
つぶて
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese.

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana つぶて, rōmaji tsubute)

  1. a small stone or pebble, especially one used for throwing
    Synonym: 小石 (koishi)
Derived terms[edit]
Proverbs[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana つぶて, rōmaji Tsubute)

  1. a place name

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
たぶて
Hyōgaiji
Irregular

From Old Japanese.

Possibly an apophonic form of or a shift from tsubute above.

Noun[edit]

(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana たぶて, rōmaji tabute)

  1. (obsolete) a small stone or pebble, especially one used for throwing
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 8, poem 1522), text here
       () () () () ()投越 (なげこし) () () ()天漢 (あまのがは) () () () () () () () () () () () () () () [Man'yōgana]
      たぶてにも () ()しつべき (あま)川隔 (がはへだ)てればかもあまたすべなき [Modern spelling]
      tabute ni mo nagekoshitsu beki Ama-no-gawa hedatereba ka mo amata subenaki
      (please add an English translation of this example)

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
こいし
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana こいし, rōmaji koishi)

  1. Alternative spelling of 小石 (koishi): a small stone or pebble

Etymology 5[edit]

Kanji in this term
たびいし
Hyōgaiji
Irregular
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Noun[edit]

(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana たびいし, rōmaji tabiishi)

  1. a small stone or pebble, especially one used for throwing
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ryeok>yeok) (hangeul >, revised ryeok>yeok, McCune–Reischauer ryŏk>yŏk, Yale lyek>yek)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.