蓬萊

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See also: 蓬莱

Chinese[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2
Initial () (3) (37)
Final () (1) (41)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/buŋ/ /lʌi/
Pan
Wuyun
/buŋ/ /ləi/
Shao
Rongfen
/buŋ/ /lɒi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bəwŋ/ /ləj/
Li
Rong
/buŋ/ /lᴀi/
Wang
Li
/buŋ/ /lɒi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱuŋ/ /lɑ̆i/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
péng lái
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2
No. 3216 7599
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*boːŋ/ /*rɯː/

Etymology 1[edit]

phonetic
trad. (蓬萊)
simp. (蓬莱)
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Unknown.

It bears striking resemblance to a Southeast Asian word for “sea”. Compare Burmese ပင်လယ်(panglai, sea; ocean), Shan ပၢင်ႇလၢႆႇ(paaŋ2 laaj2, sea; ocean), Jingpho panglai(sea), S'gaw Karen ပီၣ်လဲၣ်(pɔ̀lɛ̀, sea). It seems to be a borrowing, possibly from a Mon-Khmer language; compare Proto-Mon-Khmer *d[n]liʔ(sea), whence Old Khmer danle, danley(large river; lake; sea) > Khmer ទន្លេ(tônlé, river), Thai ทะเล(tá-lee, sea) (Schuessler, 2007).

Alternatively, it is possibly a transcription of an earlier Austro-Asiatic name; cf. 萊國莱国 (Láiguó, “Lai”), an ancient Dongyi tribe, where (lái) has been argued to transcribe a native word for "mountain" or "wilderness".

Proper noun[edit]

蓬萊

  1. (Chinese mythology) Penglai (a mythical eastern isle of immortals)
  2. () Penglai (city in Shandong, China)
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

(grass); disheveled Chenopodium album
trad. (蓬萊)
simp. (蓬莱)

Noun[edit]

蓬萊

  1. (literary) rank growth of grass