西北

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Chinese[edit]

west north
trad. (西北) 西
simp. #(西北) 西

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sai-pak - vernacular (all senses);
  • se-pak - literary (“northwest; Northwestern China”).

Rime
Character 西
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (16) (1)
Final () (39) (131)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () IV I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sei/ /pək̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/sei/ /pək̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/sɛi/ /pək̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sɛj/ /pək̚/
Li
Rong
/sei/ /pək̚/
Wang
Li
/siei/ /pək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/siei/ /pək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
be
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
sai1 bak1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character 西
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
běi
Middle
Chinese
‹ sej › ‹ pok ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-nˁər/ /*pˁək/
English west north

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character 西
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 13236 414
Phonetic
component
西
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 0
Corresponding
MC rime
西
Old
Chinese
/*sɯːl/ /*pɯːɡ/

Noun[edit]

西北

  1. northwest
  2. (Min Nan) summer shower; convectional rain

Synonyms[edit]

  • (summer shower):

Coordinate terms[edit]

西北 東北
西 Compass rose simple plain.svg
西南 東南


Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (西北):
  • Japanese: 西北(せいほく) (seihoku)
  • Korean: 서북 (西北, seobuk)
  • Vietnamese: tây bắc (西北)

Proper noun[edit]

西北

  1. (~地區) Northwest China (a region of China; consisting of Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia and Xinjiang)
  2. (大行政區, ) (historical) Northwest China (a former greater administrative region of China from 1949 to 1954, consisting of Xi'an, Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia and Xinjiang)

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
西
せい
Grade: 2
ほく
Grade: 2
on’yomi

Noun[edit]

西(せい)(ほく) (seihoku

  1. northwest

Coordinate terms[edit]

西北(せいほく) (seihoku)
北西(ほくせい) (hokusei)
(きた) (kita) 東北(とうほく) (tōhoku)
北東(ほくとう) (hokutō)
西(にし) (nishi) Compass rose simple plain.svg (ひがし) (higashi)
西南(せいなん) (seinan)
南西(なんせい) (nansei)
(みなみ) (minami) 東南(とうなん) (tōnan)
南東(なんとう) (nantō)



Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term
西

Noun[edit]

西北 (seobuk) (hangeul 서북)

  1. Hanja form? of 서북 (northwest).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term
西

Noun[edit]

西北

  1. chữ Hán form of tây bắc (northwest).

Verb[edit]

西北

  1. chữ Hán form of tây bắc (to northwest).