風気

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
かぜ
Grade: 2

Grade: 1
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
風氣 (kyūjitai)
Kanji in this term
かざ
Grade: 2

Grade: 1
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
風氣 (kyūjitai)

Compound of (kaza, wind; a cold, ancient compounding form of modern kaze) +‎ (ke, feeling).[1][2]

The kazake reading is first cited to 1152.[1]

The kazeke reading is first cited to the early 1200s.[1]

In modern usage, kazake and kazeke are found in free variation. Some Japanese resources list the relatively older kazake reading as the primary,[1][2] some list the kazeke reading as the primary,[3][4] and some list both without apparent prioritization.[5]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

(かざ)() or (かぜ)() (kazake or kazeke-na (adnominal (かざ)() (kazake na), adverbial (かざ)() (kazake ni))

  1. poorly, sickly, on the verge of catching a cold
  2. soon to be windy, seeming as if the wind is about to blow
Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

(かざ)() or (かぜ)() (kazake or kazeke

  1. a feeling like one is sick or about to catch cold
  2. the appearance or sense that the wind is just about to blow, a feeling of impending windiness

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ふう
Grade: 2

Grade: 1
goon kan’on
Alternative spelling
風氣 (kyūjitai)

From Middle Chinese 風氣 (MC pɨuŋ kʰɨiH).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(ふう)() (fūki

  1. the wind, air currents
    Synonym: (wind) (kaze)
  2. the climate or weather of an area
    Synonyms: (weather) 天気 (tenki), (climate) 気候 (kikō)
  3. common manners and customs
    Synonym: 風俗 (fūzoku)
  4. a cold, an illness
    Synonym: 風邪 (kaze)
  5. an easygoing or even-tempered disposition
  6. flatus, gas; gaseous bloating

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN