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See also:
U+9C77, 鱷
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9C77

[U+9C76]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9C78]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 195, +16, 27 strokes, cangjie input 弓火一土口 (NFMGR), four-corner 26327, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1480, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46597
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2012, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4720, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+9C77

Chinese[edit]

trad. /
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ŋ̊ʰjaːɡs, *ŋ̊ʰjaːɡ
*sŋaːɡs
*sŋaːɡs
*sŋaːɡs, *sŋreːɡ
*sŋaːɡs
*sŋaːɡs
*sŋaːɡs
*ŋaːɡs
*tŋ̊ʰaːɡ
*ŋaːɡ
*ŋaːɡ
*ŋaːɡ
*ŋaːɡ
*ŋaːɡ
崿 *ŋaːɡ
*ŋaːɡ
*ŋaːɡ
*ŋaːɡ
*ŋaːɡ
*ŋaːɡ
*ŋaːɡ
*ŋaːɡ
*ŋaːɡ
*ŋaːɡ
*ŋaːɡ
*ŋaːɡ
*ŋaːɡ
*sŋraːɡ
*sraːwɢ
*sraːwɢ
*tŋ̊ʰraːɡ
*tŋ̊ʰraːɡ
*ŋraɡ
*ŋraɡ
*ŋraɡ
*reːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋaːɡ): semantic  (fish) + phonetic  (OC *ŋaːɡ).

Etymology[edit]

Within Chinese, Carr (1990) relates it to:

  • (OC *ŋaːɡ, “to beat the drum”), either because drumming was associated with dragons or because some drums were made of crocodilian skins (Schuessler, 2007).
  • Words for “fear”, e.g. (OC *ŋaːɡ, “startled; terrified”), (OC *ŋaːɡ, “frightening; startling”).

Outside of Chinese, Carr (1990) also relates it to:

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (103)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɑk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋɑk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋak̚/
Li
Rong
/ŋɑk̚/
Wang
Li
/ŋɑk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋɑk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
è
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9459
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋaːɡ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. crocodilian; crocodile; alligator

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 鱷魚 (“crocodile; alligator”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 忽雷骨雷
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Taxonomic name
Mandarin Beijing 鱷魚
Taiwan 鱷魚
Cantonese Guangzhou 鱷魚
Hong Kong 鱷魚
Taishan 鱷魚
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian) 鱷魚
Liudui (S. Sixian) 鱷魚
Hsinchu (Hailu) 鱷魚
Dongshi (Dabu) 鱷魚
Zhuolan (Raoping) 鱷魚
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 鱷魚
Min Dong Fuzhou 鱷魚
Min Nan Xiamen 末仔
Zhangzhou 末仔
Taipei 鱷魚
Kaohsiung 鱷魚
Penang 末仔
Singapore 末仔

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

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Readings[edit]

  • Go-on: がく (gaku)
  • Kan-on: がく (gaku)
  • Kun: わに (wani, )

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ngạc)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.