Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search



an- +‎ kommen. Compare Dutch aankomen, English oncome, Swedish ankomma.


  • IPA(key): /ˈʔanˌkɔmən/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: an‧kom‧men


ankommen (class 4 strong, third-person singular present kommt an, past tense kam an, past participle angekommen, past subjunctive käme an, auxiliary sein)

  1. (intransitive) to arrive
  2. (impersonal, with preposition auf) to depend on
    Synonym: abhängen
  3. (impersonal, with preposition auf) to be important, to matter
    • 2012 June 12, Die Welt [1], page 22:
      Bei der Herstellung von Glas kommt es auf die schnelle Abkühlung der mindestens 1400 Grad heißen Schmelze an.
      In the production of glass, the fast cooling of the at least 1400-degree hot melt is important.
  4. (intransitive) to be a match for, to stand a chance against [+ gegen (object)]
    Gegen dieses riesige Monster kommen wir nicht an.
    We don't stand a chance against that gigantic monster.




Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • ankommen” in Duden online
  • ankommen” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache



past participle of ankomma.



  1. arrived
    det ännu inte ankomna tåget
    the not yet arrived train, the train which has not yet arrived
    det ankomna köttet gick inte att äta
    the arrived meat was inedible
  2. (archaic) drunk
    en ankommen man ankom till polisen
    a drunken man arrived to the police
  3. (archaic) sick person or body part
    armen var svårt ankommen av yersinia pestis
    the arm was severely affected by yersinia pestis
  4. (archaic) severely affected or damaged by moisture or fermentation; spoiled, rancid, rotten, gone bad
    det ankomna köttet gick inte att äta
    the rancid meat was inedible
    fönsterkarmen var ankommen
    the window frame had rotted


Inflection of ankommen
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular ankommen
Neuter singular ankommet
Plural ankomna
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 ankomne
All ankomna
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.